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J.Sills ProSyn

J.Sills Protein Synthesis

QuestionAnswer
protein synthesis process of making proteins
ribosomes put together amino acids to build proteins
DNA contains instructions for making proteins; the "big boss" in protein synthesis
DNA (location) located in the nucleus
mRNA copies instructions from DNA in the nucleus and carries instructions out to the cytoplasm; like a job crew foreman
rRNA puts together amino acids to make proteins; the ribosomes; are like the workers in a crew
tRNA brings amino acids to ribosomes to be put together; like delivery trucks
codon one set of three mRNA bases; A-U-G = one codon
A-T, C-G nitrogen bases for DNA
A-U, C-G nitrogen bases for RNA
translation process in cytoplasm where mRNA codons are read and amino acids are brought to the ribosomes to be put together
transcription DNA instructions are copied into mRNA language in the nucleus
RNA makes proteins
double helix DNA; twisted ladder
mutation mistake, error, or change in DNA sequence
gene segment of DNA that codes for proteins
double helix shape of a DNA molecule
nucleotide building block of nucleic acids
amino acid building block of proteins
Created by: jsills