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Last Science Test


Difference between antibiotics and vaccines? Antibiotics help kill only bacteria when you are sick. Vaccines give you a weekend form of the disease and your body remembers it which makes you immune to that disease.
Allergy When your body reacts to a certain substance.
Antibiotic A medicine that only kills bacteria.
Asthma An allergy that is in the respiratory system. Makes it hard to breathe.
Atherosclerosis A fatty substance that builds up on the inside walls of your arteries.
Pathogen An AGENT that can cause a COMMUNICABLE disease.
Bacteria Tiny one-celled organisms that can be helpful, harmful and neither. Usually reproduce best in dark, mis, warm places such as the human body.
Preventing disease Plenty of sleep, exercise, balanced diet, drink lots of water, avoid smoking/drugs and alcohol and get vaccines.
White Blood Cells A cell that fights off pathogens. Sometimes it doesn't succeed and certain white blood cells create antibodies that act as another line of defense.
Examples of Communicable diseases and how they spread 1. Malaria - infected mosquitos, carriers, bite humans, 2. Cold/Flu - diseased person sends pathogens out by sneezing or coughing (airborne), 3. Salmonella - spreads through food: poultry and eggs, 4. Cholerra: polluted water
Examples of Noncommunicable diseases Emphysema, Allergies, Cancer, Antheroscelorosis, ADD/ADHD, Organ defects
Cancer An uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells
Cardiovascular Disease A disease that affects the heart of blood vessels.
Communicable Disease A disease that can be spread person to person and is caused by a pathogen.
Emphysema A disease that develops in the respiratory system. The air sacs are damaged. Usually caused by smoking.
Immunity The body's resistance to a disease through the presence of antibodies.
Noncommunicalbe Disease A disease that can't be spread. Not caused by pathogens.
Antibody Made by certain white blood cells that attach to a pathogen and make it harmless
Created by: weinsteinelliott