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PCS Liv Env

Chapter 11 Vocabulary

Egg female sex cell
Expressed the way that an unseen gene is seen in an organism as an actual physical trait; gene is shown
Genetic Recombination the formation of a new combination of genes during sexual reproduction
Trait a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring through the genes
Fertilization the process that combines a sperm cell and egg cell
Gamete an egg or sperm; a sex cell
Meiosis the process that results in the production of sex cells (sperm and egg); not identical
Recombination additional mixing of genetic material from a sperm and egg which results in a unique combination of genes
Sex Cell an egg (female) or a sperm (male)
Sexual Reproduction reproduction that involves two parents to produce offspring that are genetically different from either parent; offspring different
Zygote the cell that results from the joining of the egg and sperm
Genes a segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for a specific trait
Mutation any alteration in the sequence of DNA (Hint: think of Mutant Ninja Turtles - their DNA mutated making them big)
Replication to copy
Subunit the section of a DNA molecule that contains a sugar, phosphate, and a base
Template the pattern for a new molecule
Created by: Ms.Sala



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