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Biology 13&14 Vocab

Mrs. Fisher's Biology Pre-AP class chapter 13 & 14 vocabulary

TermDefinition
abiotic nonliving factor in an ecosystem, such as moister, temperature, wind, sunlight, soil, and minerals.
biodiversity variety of life within an area.
biogeochemical cycle movement of a chemical through the biological and geological, or living and nonliving, parts of an ecosystem.
biomass total dry mass of all organisms in a given area.
biome regional or global community of organisms characterized by the climate conditions and plant communities that thrive there.
biotic living things, such as plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria.
community collection of all the different populations that live in one area.
competition ecological relationship in which two organisms attempt to obtain the same resource.
consumer organism that obtains its energy and nutrients by eating other organisms.
ecological niche all of the physical, chemical, and biological factors that a species needs to survive, stay healthy, and reproduce in an ecosystem.
ecology study of the interactions among living things and their surroundings.
ecosystem collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate, soil, water, and rocks, in an area.
emigration movement of individuals out of a population.
generalist species that does not rely on a single source of prey.
habitat combined biotic and abiotic factors found in the area where an organism lives.
immigration movement of individuals into a population.
limiting factor environmental factor that limits the growth and size of a population.
monitor observe and check the progress or quality of something over a period of time
pioneer species organism that is the first to live in a previously uninhabited area.
predation process by which one organism hunts and kills another organism for food.
prior existing or coming before in time, order, or importance.
producer organism that obtains its energy from abiotic sources, such as sunlight or inorganic chemicals.
revise to alter something.
significance the meaning to be found in words or events.
specialist consumer that eats only one type of organism.
succession sequence of biotic changes that regenerate a damaged community or start a community in a previously uninhabited area.
symbiosis ecological relationship between members of at least two different species that live in direct contact with one another.
trace find or discover by investigation.
Created by: sydneyrs32