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Life Science

TermDefinition
Ecosystem Living and Non-living things interacting
Overpopulation When there are too many organisms of a species in an environment. This usually happens when a predator is removed from an ecosystem.
Native Plants and animals that are naturally found in an ecosystem.
Organism Living things (both plants and animals)
Producer Plants (able to make their own food through photosynthesis)
Consumer Organisms that eat to get energy because they can't make their own food.
Carnivore Eats meat, including insects and other animals
Omnivore Eats both plants and meat
Herbivore Eats plants and plant materials such as berries and nuts
Decomposer An organism that breaks down dead organisms and returns nutrients to the soil
Food Web Shows the flow of energy from one organism to another within an ecosystem
Predator An animal that hunts for food
Prey An animal that is being hunted for food
Niche An organisms job in an ecosystem
Habitat The place where an organism lives
Carbon Dioxide The gas that animals exhale, while they inhale oxygen
Oxygen The gas that plants produce
Respiration The act of breathing
Photosynthesis The process of plants taking in sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide and producing oxygen and sugar for energy.
Species Organisms that are similar to one another and can reproduce
Adaptation A characteristic or trait that helps a species to survive
Camouflage A characteristic that helps organisms to blend in with their environment
Mimicry When one species copies characteristics of another in order to survive
Inherited trait A physical trait that gets passed down from parent to offspring. Ex: Blue Eyes
Acquired Characteristic Something that happens to an organism that won't be passed down to offspring Ex: A scar
Instinct All animals of the species do this without having been taught. Ex: migration
Complete Metamorphosis An insect that goes through the life cycle of egg, larva, pupa, adult.
Incomplete Metamorphosis An insect that goes through the life cycle of egg. nymph, adult
Created by: ccoipel