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Genetics

QuestionAnswer
What is produced in the cytoplasm of the cell? Proteins
What process produces cells with half the number of chromosomes? Meiosis
When messenger RNA is made using DNA as a pattern, it is the first step of what process? Protein Synthesis
What scientist came up the foundation for understanding why offspring have traits similar to their parents? Gregor Mendel
A protein is made up of ____________ amino acids. Three
What type of trait is it when a heterozygous organism have a phenotype that shows both alleles? Codominant
What do chromosome pairs do during the process of meiosis? Separate
What is an organism's physical appearance? Phenotype
What is an organism's genetic appearance? Genotype
What type of allele trait always show up in an organism when that allele is present? Dominant
What type of allele trait only shows up in an organism when two of that allele are present? Recessive
What theory states that genes are carried from parents to offspring on chromosomes? Theory of Inheritance
What is a change in a gene or chromosome? Mutation
What type of organism is the offspring of many generations that have the same trait? Purebred
What is the probability of a coin landing on heads when flipped? 50%
What is the passing of traits from parents of offspring? Heredity
What nitrogen base does RNA have that is not in DNA? Uracil
What is the number that describes how likely it is that an event will happen? Probability
What nitrogen base matches with Adenine in DNA? Thymine
What nitrogen base matches with Cytosine in DNA? Guanine
What nitrogen base matches with Adenine in RNA? Uracil
Where do we get messenger RNA? DNA
What three-letter code tells the protein is complete? Stop Code
What is used as a pattern to create Messenger RNA? DNA
What type of organism has both a dominant and recessive allele? Hybrid
Created by: kpmueller