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Vocab 51.2

Female Reproductive System

TermDefinition
Ovary In the female reproductive system of animals, an organ that produces eggs; in flowering plants the lower part of a pistil that produces eggs in ovules
Fallopian Tube The tube through which eggs move from the ovary to the uterus
Uterus In female mammals, the hollow, muscular organ in which a fertilized egg is embedded and in which the embryo and fetus develop
Cervix The neck of the uterus
Vagina The female reproductive organ that connects the outside of the body to the uterus and that receives sperm during reproduction
Vulva The external part of the female reproductive organs
Labium In some female animals, one of the two pairs of folds of skin and mucous membranes that cover and protect the openings of the vulva
Ovum A mature egg cell
Ovarian Cycle A series of hormone-induced changes in which the ovaries prepare and release a mature ovum each month
Menstrual Cycle The female reproductive cycle, characterized by a monthly change of the lining of the uterus and the discharge of blood
Follicular phase The stage in which an immature egg completes its first meiotic division
Follicle A small, narrow cavity or sac in an organ or tissue, such as the ones on the skin that contain hair roots or the ones in the ovaries that contain the developing eggs
Corpus Luteum The structure that forms from the ruptured follicle in the ovary after ovulation; it releases hormones
Luteal Phase The menstrual stage in which the corpus luteum develops
menstruation The discharge of blood and discarded tissue from the uterus during the menstrual cycle
Menopause The termination of the menstrual cycle; occurs between the ages of 45 and 55
Created by: GutzwillerL19