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Bio 105

Chapters 1-18

When constructing a Punnett square, the symbols on the outside of the boxes represent _______, while those inside the boxes represent _______ gamete, progeny
During which part of meiosis (meiosis I or meiosis II) do the two alleles of a gene separate? During which phase does the separation occur? meosis I, anaphase
nondisjunction Nondisjunction refers to the failure of pairs of chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate during meiosis or mitosis.
polyploid Polyploid individuals have more than two complete sets of chromosomes.
allele alternative version of a gene, such as a purple or white flower
What process is responsible for the independent assortment of alleles? The role of meiosis is to separate homologous chromosomes and their respective alleles, which are assorted in an independent manner.
Mendel's second law of independent assortment has its basis in which of the following events of meiosis arrangement of chromosome pairs at the equator
What can we observe in order to visualize Mendel's Law of Segregation? homologous chromosomes separating during meiosis I
Most plants and animals reproduce this way mitosis
True/False. Cells in the body are healed by cell division True
Crossing-over occurs during prophase 1
Mutant tetraploid plants _____. are unable to interbreed with a diploid plant
Which of the following results in a situation in which the chromosome number is either 2n+1 or 2n-1 ? aneuploidy
enzyme that unwinds DNA Helicases unwind the DNA at the replication fork and separate the two template DNA strands for copying.
Short segments of newly synthesized DNA are joined into a continuous strand by _____. ligase
Created by: kdarien
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