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DNA & GENES

TermDefinition
nucleotides The small units, monomers, that make up DNA
Double Helix Models in the two strands of DNA that twist around each other in the form of a ladder
Base Pairing rules Bases of the two DNA strands always pair up in the same way
Replication DNA is copied during the cell cycle
DNA Polymerases A group of enzymes
Central Dogma Information that flows in one direction , from DNA to RNA to proteins
RNA A chain of nucleotides, each made of sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogen containing base
Transcription The process of copying a sequence of DNA to produce a complementary strand of RNA
RNA Polymerases Enzymes that bond nucleotides together in a chain to make a new RNA molecule
Messenger RNA An intermediate message that is translated to form a protein
Ribosomal RNA Forms a part of ribosomes, a cell protien factories
Transfer RNA Brings amino acids from the cytoplasm to a ribosome to help make the growing protein
Translation The process that converts , translates, an mRNA message into a polypeptide
Codon Is a three nucleotide sequence that codes for an amino acid
Stop codon Signal to end of the amino acid chain
Start Chain Signals the start of translation and the amino acid methionine
Anticodon A set of three nucleotides that is complementary to an mRNA codon
Created by: shelllau1320