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ch8 vocab

dna and genes

TermDefinition
nucleotides small units that make dna
double helix DNA model
base pairing rules base of the two dna strands that always pair
replication Template
dna polymerase bonds the new nucleotides together
central dogma information flows in one direction
rna intermediate link between DNA in the nucleus and protein synthesis in the cytoplasm
transcription process of copying a sequence of DNA
rna polymease enzymes that bond nucleotides together
messenger rna intermediate message translated to form protein
ribosomal rna forms parts of ribosomes
transfer rna brings amino acids from the cytoplasm to a ribosome
translation the process that converts an mRNA message into a polypeptide
codon three - nucleotide sequence that codes amino acids
stop codon signal the end of an amino acid chain
start codon the start of translation and the amino acid methionine
anticodon set of three nucleotides that is complementary to an mRNA codon
Created by: neiswmic15633