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Chapter 8 Vocab

Pages: 230, 235, 239, 243

Nucleotide Small units that make up DNA.
Double Helix Two strands of DNA that wind around each other.
Base Pairing Rules Thymine with Adenine, Cytosine with Guanine.
Replication The process by which DNA is copied during the cell cycle.
DNA Polymerase Bond nucleotides together.
Central Dogma States that information flows in one direction.
RNA A chain of nucleotides made of sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen-containing base.
Transcription The process of copying a sequence of DNA to produce a complementary strand of RNA.
RNA Polymerase Enzymes that bond nucleotides together in a chain to make a new RNA molecule.
Messenger RNA An intermediate message that is translated to form a protein.
Ribosomal RNA Forms part of ribosomes, a cell's protein factories.
Transfer RNA Brings amino acids from the cytoplasm to a ribosome to help make the growing protein.
Translation The process that converts, or translates, an mRNA message into a polypeptide.
Codon Code an amino acid chain.
Stop Codon Signal the end of an amino acid chain.
Start Codon Signal the start of translation and an amino acid chain methionine.
Anticodon A set of three nucleotides that are complementary to an mRNA codon.
Created by: weberala1568