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Fundamentals

Mobility/Immobility Ch24 key concepts

QuestionAnswer
The normal functions of the musculoskeletal system are? 1. Proper body alignment 2. Posture 3. Balance 4. Coordinated movement
Proper body mechanics use alignment, balance, and coordinated movement to perform activities such as? Lifting, bending, and moving safely and efficiently
ROM is the ability to move a joint through the full extent of its normal movement.
Active ROM is when a patient can independently move3 the joint
Passive ROM is when another person must do this for the patient
Normal walking gait consists of the stance phase and the swing phase.
Walking requires coordinated effort, balance, and equilibrium
Normal mobility requires an intact musculoskeletal system/ nervous system control/ adequate circulation and oxygenation/ adequate energy/ appropriate lifestyle values/ suitable emotional state
Symptoms of altered mobility are? decreased muscle strength or tone/ lack of coordination/ altered gait/ decreased joint flexibility/ pain on movement/ decreased activity tolerance
Immobility affects______ areas of function and contributes to _______ serious complications? all, many
NANDA-I Nursing Diagnoses in the area of mobility are: Impaired Physical Mobility/ Impaired Walking/ Impaired Wheelchair Mobility/ Impaired Wheel chair Transfer Ability/ Impaired Bed Mobility/ Activity Intolerance/ Risk for Falls/ Risk for Disuse Syndrome
Nursing Interventions to assist a patient with mobility problems include: Turning and repositioning/ Providing ROM exercises/ Transferring/ Assisting with ambulation/ Teaching how to use ambulation aids
Patient goals concerning mobility should focus on promoting: Optimal mobility/ Increasing endurance and tolerance to exercise/ Preventing complications from immobility/ Adapting to mobility restrictions
Created by: luv4nursing