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Microorganisms

Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
What is bacteria? Harmful microorganisms--a microorganism that can have a damaging result.
What are vaccinations? They introduce small amounts of weakened or dead viruses. we get shots (called vaccinations) to help fight off the virus.
What are beneficial microorganisms? Microorganisms that produce a positive result. useful and helpful.
What is penicillin? Used to make antibiotics to kill harmful bacteria, derived from penicillium fungi.
What is salmonella? A type of food poisoning caused by bacteria, normally found on raw meat or in contaminated food from unsanitary conditions.
What is a protozoan? Single celled microorganism that can't be seen with the naked eye- animal like in that they can eat other protozoan
What is algae? A single or multi-cellular organism that has no roots, stems, or leaves, and is usually found in water.
What are antibiotics? Treatments for diseases-- medications.
What is fungi? A kingdom of organisms with a nucleus that get nutrients by decomposing other organisms.
What are vitamins? Organic compounds that give nutrients to your body.
What is yeast? Makes bread; a living organism that eats sugars and is found in bread (helpful to make bread and harmful if too much grows on your skin creating a rash.
What are viruses? NONLIVING!!! a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
List 5 beneficial microorganisms: 1. plankton 2. some fungi-- edible mushrooms 3. antibiotics 4. algae 5. probiotics 6. activia-- bifidus regularis
List 5 harmful microorganisms: 1. strep 2. lice 3. ringworm 4. athlete's foot 5. salmonella 6. E. Coli 7. fleas
Created by: gapeachyteacher
 

 



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