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Protein Synthesis

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
True Every DNA nucleotide contains a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. True or False
False "Short" strands of DNA are contained in chromosomes inside the nucleus of a cell. True or False
True DNA consists of two strands of nucleotides joined by hydrogen bonds. True or False
True The long strands of nucleotides are twisted into a double helix. True or False
Nucleotides Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of.....
A sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base A nucleotide consists of.....
The sugar The part of the molecule for which deoxyribonucleic acid is named is......
Classification groups for nitrogen bases Purines and pyrimidines are......
Watson and Crick The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DNA are.....
DNA Polymerase The enzymes responsible for adding nucleotides to the exposed DNA template bases are......
DNA helicases The enzymes that unwind DNA are called.....
Uracil Which of the following is NOT found in DNA: Adenine Cytosine Uracil Guanine
Uracil In RNA molecules, adenine is complementary to.....
mRNA During transcription, the genetic information for making a protein is "rewritten" as a molecule of
Codon Each nucleotide triplet in mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid is called a(n)......
tRNA What type of RNA carries an amino acid to its correct codon.
Ribosomes In order for translation to occur, mRNA must migrate to the....
Translation What do we call the process of making a protein from a strand of mRNA?
Transcription What do we call the process of making a strand of mRNA from a piece of DNA.
Gene The parts of the DNA that code for a particular protein.
Intron Parts of the DNA that do not code for a protein.
Created by: jphokie05
 

 



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