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The Evolution of Pla

QuestionAnswer
What is the order of the evolution of plants? Cyanobacteria in the bacteria kingdom Single Celled Algae in the Protista kingdom: diatoms dinoflagellates euglenoids Multicellular Algae/Seaweed in the Protista Kingdom: red algae brown algae green algae plantae kingdom
What are the 6 phyla of algae? dinoflagellates red algae brown algae diatoms green algae euglenoids
What are the characteristics of red algae? +6000 species first multicellular organism chlorophyll + another pigment sensitive deep light waves used as nori for wrapping sushi used as carageenan to mix ingredients together
What are the characteristics of brown algae? aka kelp largest and most complex protist abundant provides food and shelter no leaves or roots
What are the characteristics of green algae? mostly aquatic structurally diverse most plant like: same types of chlorophyll (a and b) cell wall made of cellulose stores food as starch (not glycogen) similar dna sequences debate over which kingdom it belongs in
What adaptations needed to occur for plants to survive on land? early plants grew in moist places and were small protection from drying transport system support system
What characteristics were evolved? non vascular: mosses liverworts hornworts vascular nonseed ferns seed gymnosperms angiosperms (flowering)
Created by: Jtboner