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Micro212 EXAM 1

BCCC- MICROBIOLOGY- PROFESSOR NORRIS

QuestionAnswer
WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF ACELLULAR MICROBES? viruses, viroids and prions
WHAT ARE THE FIVE KINGDOMS MONERA(PROKARYTOIC),PROTISTA,FUNGI,PLANTAE,ANIMALIA(EUKARYOTIC)
WHAT IS PROKARYOTICS HAS NO MEMBRANE ORGANELLE,NO NUCLEUS, USES BINARY FUSION, AND SINGLE CIRCULAR CHROMSOMES
WHAT IS EUKARYOTICS HAS A MEMBRANE ORGANELLE, HAS A NECLEUS, USES MITIOSIS, LINEAR CHROMOSOMES
WHAT THING DO PROKARYOTIC AND EUKARYTOICS HAVE IN COMMON THEY BOTH HAVE CELL WALL, LIVING,PLASMA MEMBRANCE, FLAGELLA, DNA, AND HAS CYTOPLASM
WHAT BACTERIA DOESN'T HAVE A CELL WALL AND TENDS TO BE PLEOMORPHIC MYCOPLASMA
WHAT IS PASTEUR KNOWN FOR DISPROVING SPONTANEOUS GENERATION, COMING UP THE VACCINES FOR RABIES, DISCOVER FERMENTATION
WHAT IS ROBERT KOCH KNOWN FOR FINDING THE AGENT ANTHRAX FROM THE BACTERIA KNOWN AS BACILLUS
WHO WAS ANTON VON LEEUWENHOOK THE FIRST TO DISCOVER MICROBES AND THE FIRST TO USE A MICROSCOPE. HE NAME THEM FIRST AS ANIMALIA
WHO WAS EDWARD JENNER WAS THE FIRST TO USE COWPOX TO PROTECT AGAINST SMALLPOX
WHAT WAS JOSEPH LISTER KNOWN FOR THE FIRST TO USE ASPECTIC TECHIQUE IN THE O.R
WHAT WAS PAUL EHRLICH KNOWN FOR THE FIRST TO USE CHEMICAL TO FIGHT INFECTOUS DISEASE LATER KNOWN AS CHEMOTHERAPY
WHO WAS SIR ALEXANDER FLEMING THE FIRST TO USE THE ZONE OF INHIBITON USING PENICILLIUN
WHAT IS GRAM (+)BACTERIA HAS A GLYCINE INTERBRIDGE AND HAS THICK WALLS
WHAT IS GRAM(-) BACTERIA HAS PEPTOGLYCAN MADE UP OF 2 SUGARS CALLED (NAG & NAM)WHICH HAS A DIRECT PEPTIDE BOND, AND HAS THIN WALL.(LPS MAKES GRAM (-) BACTERIA MORE TOXIC BECUASE OF LIPID-A ACTS AS A ENDOTOXIN
WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF EUKARYA ANIMALS, PLANTS, FUNGI, PROTISTA
NAME THE DOMAINS EUBACTERIA,EUKARYA,ARCHAEA
PHASE- CONTRAST MICROSCOPE USED TO SEE INTERNAL STRUCTURES IN TRANSPARENT LIVING CELLS
DARK FIELDS MICROSCOPE USES ABBE CONDESOR, BACKGROUND APPEARS DARK AND OBJECT IS LIGHT USED TO SEE SPRIOCHETE AND SYPHILIS
FLUORSCENCE MICROSCOPE USES UV RAYS AND PROTECTIVE FILTER MICROBES ARE TREATED WITH FLUOCHROMES. LOW NUMBERS OF BACTERIA CAN BE FOUND
WHAT DISEASE CAN BE SEEN WITH A FLUROSCENCE MICROSCOPE TB
TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPE (TEM) USED TO SEE INTERNAL STRUCTURE UP TO 500,000X, HAS A CASTING SHADE AND OBJECTS SHOW IN GRAY
SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE USED TO SEE INTERNAL STRUCTURE YP TO 50,000X, USES 3-D IMAGES TO DETERMINE MORPHOLOGY, ARRAGMENT, AND ATTACHMENTS CELL
ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE USES NEEDLE TO FORCE ATOMS WITHIN MICROBE TO GIVE IMAGE
WHAT IS THE MAIN USES OF THE ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE TO LOOK AT DNA STRUCTURES AND CELL SURFACES
WHAT IS ASSIOCATED WITH ARCHEA BACTERIA WITH EXTREME LIVING ENVIRNOMENTS
WHAT IS ASSICATED WITH EUBACTERIA BACTERIA ASSIOCATED WITH HUMANS
WHAT IS ASSIOCATED WITH EUKARYA PLANTS, ANIMALS, PROTISTA, FUNGI
WHAT IS THE CELL WALL AND IT'S FUNCTION AND PURPOSE PROTECTS AGAINST OMOTIC SHOCK, CONTAINS COMPONENTS THTAT CONTRIBUTE TO PATHOGENCITY, IS THE SITE OF ACTION OF SEVERAL ANTIBOTICS, AND CAN NOT BE SEEN ON A BRIGHTFIELD MICROSCOPE
AGENTS THAT WILL DESTROY CELL WALL PENICILLIN AND LYSOZYME
THE ACTION OF PENICILLIN ON THE CELL WALL IS IT INHIBITS PEPTIDE BOND FORMATION
WHAT IS BACULLUS ANTHRACIS CAPSULE MADE UP OF POLY - D- GULTAMIC
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF CAPSULES AND WHAT ARE THEY MADE UP OF TO PROTECT BACTERIA AGAINST TOXICS AND DETERGENTS AND THEY ARE MADE OF POLYSACCHARDIES
WHAT IS TRANDUCTION TRANFER OF DNA FROM BACTERIA TO BACTERIA BY A VIRSUS
WAHT IS TRANFORMATION is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the uptake, genomic incorporation, and expression of foreign genetic
WHAT IS RECOMBINATION Genetic recombination is the process by which a strand of genetic material (usually DNA; but can also be RNA) is broken and then joined to a different DNA
WHAT IS CONJUGATION is the transfer of genetic material between bacteria through direct cell-to-cell contact
WHAT IS PILI OR FRIMBRIA THEY ARE COMPOSED OF OLINGOMERIC PROTEINS USED FOR ATTACHMENT FOR BACTERIA CONJUGATION
WHAT IS THE S LAYER AND IT'S FUNCTION IT'S SEEN IN GRAM (+) AND GRAM(-)CELLS IT PROTECTS AGAINST PHAGOCYTOSIS AND PROMOTES ADHESION. IT ALSO PROTECT AGAINST ION AND PH FLUCTATIOIN AND BACTERIA LIKE BDELLOVIBRIO
WHAT IS FLAGELLA COFlagella are long, thread-like appendages which provide some live single cells with the ability to move, motility.
Created by: taylor3811