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Intro to anatomy

Subcategories of macroscopic anatomy Regional, surface, systematic
Subcategories of microscopic anatomy Cytology and histology
Function of integumentary Protects internal structures Produces vitamin D
Cholicalciferol The chemical that is sythnized by the skin from sunlight
The kidney's produce this from the inactive form Calciterol
Cutaneous receptors Registers pain and temp
Chemicals stored in the bones Calcium, phosphate, magnesium
Gland that controls circadian rythems Pineal
Gland that controls melatonin production Pineal
Gland that lowers calcium in blood Thyroid
Glad for immunity Thymus
Regulation of minerals Pancreas
Produces adrenaline and nonadrenaline Pancreas
Islets Endocrine side of pancreas
Digestive hormones produced by the pancreas Insulin & glucagon
Three minor lymphatic organs Spleen, tonsils, thymus
Three main lymphatic organs Lymph nodes, lymph vessels, lymph
Cells that carry lymph T cells-lymphocides B cells-lymphocites
Larynx and pharynx are part of what system Respiratory
Accessory organs in digestive system Liver, Gallblader, tongue, teeth
What system regulates electrolytes in the blood? Urinary
What mainly is secreted from the urinary system Ammonia, urea, uric acid
Cutting horizontally Transverse
Ex: cutting the brains hemispheres a part Median/sizetal
Cutting between front and back Frontal
Anterior In front of
Ventral Behind or back
Lateral Away from the midline
Medial Near the middle
Cephalic Toward the head
Caudal Towards the tail
Proximal Close to the trunk
Distal Away from the trunk
Mechanisms of homeostasis Positive and negative feedback
Components of homeostasis Receptor Control center Effector
Most common feedback in homeostasis Negative feedback
Functions of the adrenal glands Production of adrenaline and steroids And glucose metabolism
Created by: Featherfay