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Life Sci - Chap 23

study guide

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of the heart? to pump blood throughout your body
Blood flowing from the heart is in __________ arteries
Blood flowing to the heart is in ____________ veins
Arteries typically carry oxygen _____ blood rich
Veins typically carry oxygen ______ blood poor
What is the function of blood? to carry oxygen and nutrients to all parts of your body
What do the valves of your heart do? As blood moves through the heart, valves close to prevent blood from going backward
Oxygen exchange take place in the _____________. capillaries
The pulmonary system takes blood to and from the ____________ heart and lungs
The systemic system takes blood to and from the _____________. heart to the rest of the body
The vessel that returns blood to the heart from the body. vena cava
The vessel that returns blood to the heart from the lungs. pulmonary vein
The vessel that sends blood to the lung from the heart. pulmonary artery
The location of the heart that receives blood from the vena cava. right atrium
The location of the heart that receives blood from the pulmonary vein. left atrium
List three heart problems. artereoscolisis, high blood pressure, heart attack/failure
What is blood made mostly of? plasma
What is plasma made mostly of? water, minerals, sugars and proteins
List four structures found in blood. plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
What is the function of the red blood cells? to carry oxygen throughout the body
What is the function of the white blood cells? to keep you healthy by destroying pathogens
What is the function of the plasma? to carry red and white blood cells and platelets throughout your body
What is normal blood pressure? 120/80
List the four blood types. A, B, AB, O
Which blood type can be donated to all other blood types? O
What does the lymphatic system do? removes excess fluid from the body and returns it to the blood
What is the fluid found in the lymphatic system? lymph
List three organs of the lymph system. spleen, thymus, tonsils
The spleen's function is..... to store and purifies red blood cells
What is the function of the respiratory system? to get oxygen so you can get energy from the foods you eating to get rid of carbon dioxide
List the five major parts of the respiratory system. nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus, lungs, and diaphragm
What is the medical term for breathing? respiration
The passage from the nose to the larynx is called? pharynx (throat)
The vocal chord is called larynx
Connects the pharynx to the bronchus trachea
Branches to connect the airways to the lungs? bronchioles
The air sacs of the lungs are called? alveoli
What are the air sacs used for? to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
What muscle allows you to breathe? diaphragm
The windpipe is called trachea
List some basic respiratory disorders asthma, emphysema, SARS, lung cancer
The vessel that sends blood to the body from the heart aorta
Which blood type can be received by all other blood types AB
Created by: msparks