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LS FBTP Chapter 3

Plants

TermDefinition
Carotenoid Chemical closely associated with chloroplasts of many plants. Serves to absorb low-wavelength energy from the sun. Orange, yellow, red in color.
Cuticle Waxy protective coating on the surface of plant. Helps prevent water loss
Cellulose Chemical comprising the cell wall of plant cells. Made of long-chain simple sugars
Vascular Refers to plants with tubes to transport nutrients
Non-vascular Refers to plants lacking tubes to transport nutrients
Rhizoids Threadlike structures which act as roots for bryophytes
Bryophyte The non-vascular plants
Pioneer Species First creatures to inhabit a disturbed area
Gymnosperm Seed-bearing plant which is flowerless and bears seeds on cones
Angiosperm Seed-bearing plant which produces flowers and bears seeds in fruit
Stomata Tiny holes on the surface of leaves which allow air to enter and leave the leaf
Guard Cells Control the opening and closing of stomata
Herbaceous Refers to plants that produce stems that are soft and green
Non-Herbaceous Refers to plants that produce stems that are woody
Xylem Hollow vessels of stacked cells responsible for transporting water from roots to other areas of the plant
Phloem Hollow tubes responsible for carrying dissolved sugar throughout the plant
Cambium Tissue between xylem and phloem of some plants for the protection of the transport vessels
Monocot Refers to plants that produce seeds with only one cotyledon
Dicot Refers to plants that produce seeds with two cotyledons
Annuals Plants that complete their life cycle in one growing season
Biennials Plants that complete their life cycle in two growing seasons
Perennials Plants that take more than two years to grow
Created by: MrGross