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Section 2 Bones

Appendicular Skeleton and Basic Joint Info

QuestionAnswer
What are the processes of the scapula? Acromion Process - Superior helps form Glenohumeral Joint Coracoid Process - palpated anteriorly inferior to clavicle 2/3rd of the way over
What is the long protuberance on the posterior aspect of the scapula? Scapular Spine
What is the protuberance inferior to the glenoid fossa in the axillary cavity? Infraglenoid Tubercle
What are the Angles and Borders of the scapula? Inferior Angle - Point at the bottom of the scapula Superior Angle - Point at the top of the medial scapula Lateral Border - edge along the axillary side of the scapula Medial Border - edge along the vertebral side of the scapula
What are the fossaes of the scapula? Suprasinous Fossa - Above Scapular Spine Infraspinous Fossa - Below Scapular Spine Glenoid Fossa or Cavity - In axillary Cavity helps form glenohumeral joint Subscapular Fossa - Anterior surface of scaupla
What is the landmark at the proximal end of the humerus bone? Head of the Humerus
What attaches the head of the humerus to the shaft of the bone? Neck of the Humerus
What are the two "bumps" at the anterior proximal aspect of the humerus? greater and lesser tuberosities
Greater Tuberosity of the Humerus is Lateral or Medial? Lateral
The groove between the humeral tuberosities Intertubicular Groove
What is the attachment site for the deltoid on the humerus? How is it palpated? Deltoid Tuberosity can be palpated by asking someone to resist abduction and feel where the deltoid goes into the bicep
Radial "bump" on the distal end of the humerus that articulates with the radius Capitulum
What is the middle section of distal end of the humerus and what does it articulate with? Trochlea articulates with the Olecranon process of the ulna
The fossa on each side of the Humerus that articulate with the Ulna Olecranon Fossa Coronoid Fossa
What is the are the processes of the Ulnar bone? Olecranon Process - Elbow bone Coranoid Process - Anterior aspect in the antecubital fossa
What is the notch on the lateral aspect of the ulnar bone? Radial Notch
What is the sharp point at the distal end of the medial ulna? Ulnar Styloid Process
The ulnar head is at what aspect of the bone? (Proximal or Distal) Distal
What is the tuberostiy located inferior to the coranoid process? Ulnar tuberosity
What aspect is the Redial head on? (proximal distal) Proximal
What is the medial tuberosity on the radial bone? radial tuberosity
What is the sharp process at the lateral aspect of the radial bone? Radial Styloid Process
Which bone of the forearm grows small as it goes from proximal to distal? Ulna
Which bone of the forearm grows larger as it goes from proximal to distal? Radius
What are the two important carpals of the hand? Pisiform (medial protuberance) and Hamate (superior to Pisiform)
What are the bones of the wrist called and how many are there? Carpals, 8
What is the phalangeal conga? :-) Base, Shaft, Distal Head... Cha cha cha
What is the first joint of the hand from the wrist? Carpometacarpal Joint (CMC)
What is the first joint at the fingers? Metacarpalphalangeal Joint (MCP)
What is the joint that articulates the first and second phalanges? Proximal interphalangeal Joint (PIP)
what is the joint that articulates the second and third phalanges? Distal Interphalangeal Joint (DIP)
What is another word for the Thumb? Pollux
What is the joint at the thumb? Interphalangeal joint (IP)
What three bones that make up the pelvis? Ilium, Ischium, Public Bone
What are the spines of the Ilium? Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine (AIIS) Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS) Posterior Superior Iliac spine (PSIS) Posterior Inferior Iliac Spine (PIIS)
What is the landmark of the Ilium where you "put your hands on your hips"? Iliac Crest
Where on the ilium does the major sciatic nerve pass through? Greater Sciatic Notch
What joint forms with the Sacrum and the Ilium? Sacroiliac joint (SI Joint)
What are the fossaes of the iliac? Internal iliac fossa External iliac fossa or gluteal surface
What is the landmark that makes up your "butt bone"? Ischial tuberosity
What is the curved section of the Ischial bone that helps encompass the obturator foramen? Ischial Ramus
What is the "bump" on the posterior aspect of the Ischium superior to the lesser sciatic notch? Ischial Spine
What is the landmark of the ischium that provides space for some of the sciatic nerve? Lesser Sciatic Notch
What are the two sections of the pubic bone that help encompass the obturator foramen? Superior and Inferior Public Ramus
What are the three anterior landmarks of the pubis bone? Pubic Crest - Coming down onto the pubic bone Pubic Tubercle - Anterior to the Pubic Crest Pubic Symphysis - Cartilage where the two pubic bones meet
What is the articular surface for the femur? Acetabulum
What is the large hole in the pelvic bone and what bones help to form it? Obturator Foramen Ilium, Ischium, Pubis bone
What is the large rounded surface at the proximal end of the femur? Head of the Femur
What attaches the head of the femur to the shaft of the bone? Neck of the Femur
What is the protuberance at the lateral aspect of the proximal femur close to the Femoral Head? Greater trochanter
What is the protuberance at the medial aspect of the proximal Femur inferior to the Femoral Head? Lesser Trochanter
What is the posterior space between the two trochanters of the Femur? Intertrochanteric Crest
What are the "bumps" on the distal aspect of the humerus? Medial and lateral Epicondyles
What are the landmarks coming up proximal from the humeral epicondyles? Medial and Lateral Supracondylar Ridge
What is the "line" on the posterior aspect of the femur? Linea Aspera
What are the two landmarks of the "line" at the posterior aspect of the femur? Medial and Lateral Linea Aspera
What are the ridges on each side of the distal femur? Medial and Lateral Supracondylar Ridge
What is the "bump" inferior to the medial condyle of the femur? Adductor tubercle
What is the "bump" lateral to the lesser trochanter of the femur? Gluteal tubercle
What is the name for your "knee cap"? Patella
What keeps the patella in place Patellar Tendon
The patella develops within what muscle group? Quadricep
The patellar tendon attaches at what landmark of the Tibial bone? Tibial Tuberosity
What is the medial landmark of the tibia that helps to make up the ankle? Medial Malleolus
What does the medial malleolus articulate with? Talus
What bones make up the knee joint? Tibia, Patella, and Femur
What aspect is the fibula bone at in the lower leg? (medial or lateral) Lateral
The fibular head has a ____ degree angle. 45
The fibular head is distal or proximal? Proximal
Where does the head of the fibula articulate? Lateral tibial condyle
What landmark is at the lateral distal end of the fibula? Lateral Malleolus
What does the lateral malleolus articulate with? Talus
The true ankle joint is called what? Talucrural Joint
The true ankle joint is made of what bones? Tibia, Fibula, and Talus
What is the "bump" on the anterior aspect of the tibia? Tibial Tubercle
What aspect is the Tibia bone at in the lower leg? (medial or lateral) Medial
What are the two protrusions on each side of the proximal tibia bone? Medial and Lateral Condyles of the Tibia
What small foot bones help make up the ankle? Tarsals
What are two important tarsals? Calcaneus (heel bone) and Talus (forms talocrural joint)
What bones make up the main section of the foot? Metatarsals
What is the phalangeal conga? :-) Base, Shaft, Distal Head... Cha cha cha
What are the bones of the toes called? Phalanges
What is another name for the big or great toe? Hallux
What is the arch that stretches from calcaneous to the end of the Metatarsal V? Longitudinal Arch
How many Longitudinal Arches are on one foot? Two one medial one lateral
Which Longitudinal Arch on the foot is larger? (Lateral or Medial) Medial
Which arch stretches across the dorsal aspect of the Tarsals? Transverse Arch
What is the function of a tendon? Attaches muscle to Bone
What is the function of a ligament? Attaches Bone to Bone
What is a bursa? a sac that is formed to help create movement and decrease friction between two surfaces on the body
What are the six types of synovial joints? Hinge Joint, Pivot Joint, Gliding Joint, Ellipsoidal Joint, Saddle Joint, and Ball and Socket Joint
What are examples of each different synovial joint in the body? Hinge Joint - Elbow Joint Pivot Joint - AA Joint Gliding Joint - Costovertebral joint Ellipsoidal Joint - OA joint Saddle Joint - CMC Joint Ball and Socket - Shouler and Hip Joints
What is a joint capsule? The sac around a synovial joint for protection, mobility, and efficiency
What is an articular surface? Any surface on a bone that accommodates another bone to rest and form a joint
What is Synovial Fluid? Fluid inside a joint capsule to reduce friction and help mobility
Created by: 1342513269