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Cell Parts Mathew M

Parts of a Cell

QuestionAnswer
Cell Membrane Thin, flexible layer that surrounds the cell and controls the movement of substances that go in and out of the cell
Cell Wall Surrounds, protects and supports the plant cell. This organelle is not flexible.
Centrioles Helps with the process of mitosis and help in the formation of spindle fibers. This organelle is found in pairs.
Chloroplast Converts sunlight into sugar that can be used as energy by the plant. This is where photosynthesis takes place.
Cytoskeleton Provides structural framework for supporting the shape of the cell,. This organelle is located throughout the cytoplasm of a cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum Site of protein and lipid synthesis
Golgi Apparatus Modifies and packages proteins so that they can be sent to different parts of the cell
Lysosome Using digestive enzymes, this organelle breaks down excess or worn out cellular substances
Mitochondria Performs cellular respiration - it takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and releases them as energy in the form of ATP
Nucleus "Brain" of the cell, site for genetic transcription, controls DNA replication for cell division
Ribosome tRNA is delivered to this organelle during protein synthesis
Vacuole stores materials so that they can be used later.
Cilia Small, hair like structures that extend from the surface of the cell and can help in movement and feeding. A cell can have hundreds or thousands of these hair like structures.
Flagella Single, large structure that helps move the cell faster, and can aid in feeding.
Cytoplasm Jelly-like substance that fills the inside of the cell and holds organelles in place
Created by: mmeixner