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Nat 5 Cells

Cell UAS revision

QuestionAnswer
what cuts plasmids open in genetic engineering enzyme
what is glucose converted into in glycolysis pyruvate
how much ATP is produced during glycolysis 2
how much ATP is produced during aerobic respiration 38
what is pyruvate converted into in fermentation in yeast alcohol and carbon dioxide
what is pyruvate converted into in aerobic respiration in any cell carbon dioxide and water
what is pyruvate converted into in fermentation in muscles lactic acid
what is water broken down into in light dependent stage hydrogen and oxygen
what molecule absorbs light energy in plants chlorophyll
what are the 3 limiting factors temperature light intensity and carbon dioxide concentration
what is the definition of diffusion movement of molecules from high to low concentration down a concentration gradient
what is the definition of active transport movment of molecules from low to high concentration against a concentration gradient
name a difference between passive and active transport AT - needs ATP PT - no ATP OR AT - low to high concentration PT - high to low concentration
name an aseptic technique wash hands/wear a lab coat
name an abiotic factor controlled in fermenter oxygen concentration /temperature/pH
what happens after chromosomes line up in middle of cell chromatids pulled to opposite poles by spindle fibres
what happens before 2 identical diploid cells are produced nuclear membrane reforms & cytoplasm divides
where does mitosis occur nucleus
function of cell wall Provides support for cell
function of mitochondria site of aerobic respiration
what part of membrane moves molecules across a) protein b) phospholipid protein
what name is given to the middle of the cell where chromosomes line up equator
what structures in the cell separate chromatids spindle fibres
what controls the protein's structure order of bases/amino acids
if a protein's structure is altered this will alter its ...... function (cannot work properly)
where are proteins synthesised ribosome
what happens if an enzyme is heated to high temperatures denatured
Name two factors that affects enzyme activity pH and temperature
what are hormones chemical messengers that travel in blood to target tissue
what are antibodies protect individual from disease/bacteria
A human gene is inserted into what structure during genetic engineering. plasmid
what gas leaves the cell through stomata in photosynthesis oxygen
what change in energy occurs during photosynthesis light energy to chemical energy
name a molecule glucose can be changed into after photosynthesis has occured starch or cellulose
Created by: kyle_academy