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Final Review

Review for final assessment

PhrasesMore phrases
Quantitative Data Data in numbers
Qualitative Data Data in the form of words
Parts of the scientific method. Observation, problem or question, hypothesis, experiment, analyze data, form conclusion, share results
Independent variable (Manipulated variable) Manipulated by the scientist
Dependent variable (responding variable) Changes in response to changes in the independent variable
Mutualism both benefit
Parasitism parasite and host
Predation predator and prey
commensalism one benefits and the other is unaffected
competition Competing for a common resource
Habitat where an organism lives.
Niche Organisms role in an environment
Population same species, same place, same time
Community many different species (populations) living in one place
Ecosystem biotic and abiotic factors
Biosphere area of earth where life is found
Foodweb shows all the interactions within an ecosystem
Food chain one linear relationship found within an ecosystem
Carrying capacity the maximum number of individuals an ecosystem can support indefinitely
Trophic levels the different levels within a food chain.
Energy pyramid
Photosynthesis brings carbon and energy into an ecosystem
Cellular respiration Breaks down energy in organic molecules so it can be used by organisms.
ecological succession Gradual change of species within an ecosystem. Primary and Secondary
Parts of an atom Proton, Neutron, Electron
Enzyme Lowers the activation energy of chemical reactions.
Polarity polar and nonpolar
Acids ph 0-6.9
Bases ph 7.1-14
Carbohydrates monossaccharides
Lipids glycerol and fatty acids
Proteins amino acids
Nucleic acids nucleotides
Prokaryotes cells do not have a nucleus
Eukaryotes cells do have a nucleus
Organelles and their functions
Active transport Uses energy: endo and exocytosis, and protein pumps.
Passive transport does not use enrgy: diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, ion channels.
Hypertonic solution cell shrinks
Hypotonic solution cell swells
Isotonic solution no change in the cell
Different phases of mitosis Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Mitosis in prokaryotes Binary fission
Monohybrid cross
Dihybrid cross
Homozygous` AA or aa BB or bb
Heterozygous or Hybrid Aa Bb
Diploid Has two sets of chromosomes, one from mom and one from dad. Humans 46 chromosomes
Haploid Only one set of chromosomes. Humans 23 chromosomes
Arrange largest to smallest in size Cell, Nucleus, Chromosome, DNA, nucleotide
Translation Production of a protein from a strand of mRNA. Occurs in a ribosome.
Transcription creation of mRNA from a strand of DNA
The Central Dogma DNA --> RNA --> Protein
8 Levels of Classificaiton D, K, P, C, O ,F, G, S
Three domains of life Eubacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
What challenges faced early land plants? water retention, absorbing nutrients, gravity, reproduction
A flower is what kind of structure? Reproductive structure
What is the primary purpose of the fruit of a plant? Seed dispersal
Vertebrate Has a backbone
Invertebrate Does not have a backbone.
Evidence of Evolution DNA analysis, fossil record, homologous structures, vestigial structure, and embryonic development
Different phyla of animals. Know these.
Created by: jphokie05