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Chapter 9-11 Vocab

Cellular respiration series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in food molecules into ATP
pistil female reproductive organ of a flower
pollination process that occurs when pollen grains land on a female reproductive structure of a plant that is the same species as the plant that produced the pollen grains
seed structure made up of an embryo, its food supply, and a protective covering
spore haploid generation of a plant; a daughter cell produced from a haploid structure
stamen male reproductive organ of a flower
Flower reproductive structure of an angiosperm
Transpiration the process in which water is lost through a plants leaf
Germination the early growth stage of the embryo plant in a seed
stigma the sticky part of the pistil that is used to catch pollen grains
Vascular Plants plants that have true roots, stems and leaves
Non-Vascular Plants plants that do not have true roots, stems or leaves
Angiosperm plants that produce flowers, seeds, and fruits
Gymnosperm plants that produces cones instead of fruits
Conifer plants that produce cones-redwood, pine tree, etc.
Stomata tiny openings on the underside of a plant , used for gas exchanges, and transpiration
Phloem tissue that carries food from the leaves down to the rest of the plant
Cambium tissue that makes new xylem and phloem cells
Annuals plant that grow, flower and produces seeds in one growing season
Biennials plants that complete their life cycles in two growing seasons
Perennials plant that can live for more than 2 growing seasons
Asymmetry body organization that cannot be divided into any two parts that are nearly mirror images of each other
Bilateral symmetry body organization that can be divided into two parts that are nearly mirror images of each other
Radial symmetry body organization that can be divided into two parts that are nearly mirror images of each other anywhere through the central axis
Invertebrate animal that does not have a backbone
Vertebrate animal with a backbone
Exoskeleton thick, hard outer covering that protects and supports animals’ bodies
Amphibian organism, such as a frog, toad, and salamander, that spends part of its life in water and part on land
Chordate animal that has a notochord, a nerve cord, a tail, and structures called pharyngeal pouches
Notochord flexible, rod-shaped structure that supports the body of a developing chordate
Created by: lindsaystagg123