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Chap 10 Biology

TermDefinition
cell divison the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis division of the cell nucleus
cytokinesis division of the cytoplasm
chromatid each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome divides longitudinally during cell division. Each contains a double helix of DNA.
centromere area where each pair of chromatids are attached
interphase "in-between" period of growth
cell cycle series of event that cells go through as they grow and divide
prophase first and longest phase of mitosis
centriole two tiny structures located in cytoplasm
spindle fan-like micro-tubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes
metaphase the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell; 2nd phase
anaphase the centromeres that join the sister chromatids split, allowing the sister chromatids to separate and become individual chromosomes; 3rd phase
telophase chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material
cyclin a protein that regulates the cell cycle
cancer a disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth
cell specialization cells developing in different ways to perform different tasks
tissue group of similar cells that perform a particular function
organ group of tissues working together
organ system group of organs that work together to perform a specific function
Created by: IPatterson18