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SLS BIO12 DNA mm

SLS Bio 12 DNA protein synthesis mm

TermDefinition
Complementary Base Pairing connecting of corresponding base pairing
DNA Helicase Helicases are enzymes that bind and can remodel nucleic acid or proteins. Separate double stranded DNA to single strands
DNA polymerase The DNA polymerases are enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA
recombinant DNA Dna that contains genes from more than one source
Replication Double helix unwound - each single strand acts as a template and matched with bases - the process of producing two replicas from one original DNA molecule.
Semi-conservative replication Produces two copies that each contain one original strands and one new strand.
Anti-codon Three base sequence in a transfer RNA - pairs with a complementary codon in mRNA
Codon Designates an amino acid during protein synthesis.
DNA sequence (genetic Code) the nucleotide triplets of DNA and RNA molecules that carry specific genetic information
Elongation a DNA strand is synthesized from template DNA during replication, nucleotides are added to the 3' end of the DNA strand
Environmental Mutagen natural impacts on DNA, uv rays etc
Genetic Disorder A disease or condition caused by an absent, defective or misplaced gene
Initiation binding of RNA polymerase to double-stranded DNA -RNA polymerase binds at a sequence of DNA ( the promoter )
Messenger RNA (mRNA) delivers genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression
Mutation Alteration in Chromosome structure or number and also an alteration in a gene due to a change in DNA composition
Termination End product - protein is formed last step of translation
Transcription The process of copying the sequence of one strand of DNA. mRNA copies the template strand.
Transfer RNA ( tRNA ) transports amino acids to the chain
Translation The process of decoding mRNA
Created by: madym