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Periodontics II

Wilkins CH. 33

QuestionAnswer
Carcinogen Substance or chemical that has been known to cause cancer.
CDCP Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Chemical Dependency Chemical Dependency
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cotinine A by-product of nicotine found in body fluids
Drug Abuse Any use of a drug that causes physical, psychological, economic, legal, and or social harm to the person who uses or other persons affected by the user’s behavior.
Drug Addiction A chronic disorder leading to negative physical, psychological, or social consequences from compulsive use of substance; characterized by continued use despite negative effects encountered by use.
Dysphoria Generalized feeling of ill being, malaise, restlessness, and discomfort
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Nicotine A poisonous, addictive stimulant that is the chief psychoactive ingredient in tobacco
Nicotine gum Polacrilex gum developed to aid in tobacco cessation; available as an over the counter product.
Nicotine lozenge Lozenge developed to aid in tobacco cessation; available as an over the counter product.
Nicotine nasal spray A prescription nicotine withdrawal product used nasally by the patient to aid in tobacco cessation.
Nicotine patch A transdermal form of nicotine withdrawal product used nasally by the patient to aid in tobacco cessation.
Nicotine inhaler A prescription nicotine inhalation system used orally for tobacco cessation.
Nitrosamines Cancer-causing chemicals found in tobacco.
Oral Cancer In this chapter, the term “oral cancer” includes cancer of the lips, tongue, and floor of the mouth, palate, gingiva, alveolar mucosa, buccal mucosa, and oropharynx.
Placenta abruption Premature detachment of a normally situated placenta.
Placenta previa Placenta implanted in the lower segment of the uterus extending to the margin of the internal opening of the cervix; may obstruct opening partially or completely.
Psychoactive drug Possessing the ability to alter mood, behavior, cognitive processes, or mental tension.
Pyrolysis Chemical decomposition of a substance by heat.
Smoke Visible vapor and gases given off by a burning substance.
ETS. Environmental tobacco smoke or passive smoke: tobacco smoke present in room air resulting from ignited tobacco products burning in an ashtray or exhaled by a smoker (people who are currently smoking are also expose to other smokers’ sidestream smoke).
Mainstream Smoke Smoke that is inhaled directly into the user’s lungs
Sidestream Smoke The aerosol emitted directly into the surrounding air from the lit end of a smoldering tobacco product; may be inhaled by the user; is a major component of environmental smoke
Third hand Smoke Tobacco smoke residue absorbed by furnishings
SIDS: Sudden infant death syndrome: sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant; typically occurring between the ages of three weeks and five months
TSNAs Potent carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines
Transdermal Method of drug delivery by patch on skin; a mode for slow release over extended time.
Use Using the substance of tobacco because of an individual’s addiction to nicotine
User An individual who either smokes tobacco or places tobacco in the mouth.
Created by: daisenmurray