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Chapter 17 Voc.

TermDefinition
Tariff of 1842 Protective measure passed by Congressional Whigs, raising tariffs to pre-Compromis of 1833 rates.
Caroline (1837)Diplomatic row between the United States and Britain. Developed after British troops set fire to an American steamer carrying supplies across the Niagara river to Canadian insurgent, during Canada's short lived insurrection.
Creole (1841) American ship captured by a group of rebelling Virginia slaves. The slaves successfully sought asylum in the Bahamas, raising fears among southern planters that the British West Indies would become a safe haven for runaway slaves.
Aroostook War (began 1839) series of clashes between the American and Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed territory of northern Maine,resolved when a permanent boundary was agreed upon in 1842
Manifest Destiny (1840's and 1850's) Belief that the United states was designed by God to spread its "empire of liberty" across North America. Served as a justification for mid-nineteenth-century expansionism.
"Fifty-four forty or fight" (1846) Slogan adopted by mid-nineteenth-century expansionists who advocated the occupation of Oregon territory, jointly held by British and the United States. Through President polk had pledged to seize all of Oregon, to 50 40, he settled on the forty-nin
Liberty party (1840-1848) Antislavery party that ran candidates in the 1840 and 1844 elections before merging with the Free Soil Party. Supporters of the Liberty party sought the eventual abolition of slavery, but in the short term hoped to halt the expantion of slaver
Walker Tariff (1846) revenue-enhancing measure that lowered tariffs from 1842 levels thereby fueling trade and increasing Treasury receipts.
spot resolutions (1846) Measures introduced by Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, questioning president James K. Polk's justification for war with Mexico. Lincoln requested that Polk clarify precisely where Mexico forces had attacked American Troops.
California Bear Flag Republic (1846) Short-lived California republic, established by local American settlers who revolted against Mexico. Once news of the war with Mexico reached the Americans, they abandoned the Republic in favor of joining the United states.
Buena Vista (Battle of 1847) Key American victory against Mexican forces in the Mexican-American War. Elevated general Zachery Taylor to national prominence and helped secure his success in the 1848 presidential election.
Battle of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Treaty of 1848) Ended the war with Mexico. Mexico agreed to cede territory reaching Northwest from Texas to Origin in exchange for $18.25 million in cash and assured debts.
Treaty of Conscience Whigs (1840's and 1850's) Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds. conscience Whigs spught to prevent the annexation of Texas as a slave state, fearing that the new slave territory would only;y serve to buttress the southern "slaves power."
Wilmot Proviso (1846) Amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired from Mexico. introduced by Pennsylvanian congressman David Wilmot, the failed amendment ratcheted up tensions between North and South over the issue of slavery.
Created by: Werewolf King