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BODY SYSTEMS 101

ANATOMY AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SYSTEMS

TermDefinition
ATRIUM UPPER CHAMBERS OF THE HEART
VENTRICLE LOWER CHAMBER OF THE HEART
PLASMA CLEAR, LIQUID PART OF BLOOD
LARYNX VOICE BOX
CELL SMALLEST UNIT THAT CAN PERFORM A LIFE FUNCTION
VILLI TINY FINGER LIKE PROJECTIONS IN SMALL INTESTINES
LIVER ORGAN THAT FILTERS POISONS OUT OF THE BLOOD
FIXED TYPE OF JOINT WITH NO MOVEMENT
HEART MAIN ORGAN OF THE CIRC. SYSTEM
LUNGS MAIN ORGAN OF THE RESP. SYSTEM
JOINT PLACE WHERE 2 BONES MEET
ALVEOLI TINY AIR SACS IN LUNGS THAT MAKE AIR EXCHANGE
MOUTH AREA THAT HOLDS THE TEETH, TONGUE, AND SALIVA
VEINS BLOOD VESSELS THAT GO BACK TO HEART
WBC PART OF BLOOD THAT FIGHTS INFECTIONS
SALIVA LIQUID RELEASED IN MOUTH TO MOISTEN THE FOOD
HOMEOSTASIS PROCESS OF THE BODY KEEPING INTERNAL BALANCE
TENDON CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CONNECTS BONES TO MUSCLES
FUNCTION JOB OR DUTY OF AN ORGAN OR BODY PART
ORGAN DIFFERENT TISSUES WORKING TOGETHER FORM THIS
LIGAMENT CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT HOLDS BONES TO BONES
TRACHEA WINDPIPE
ESOPAGUS FOOD TUBE THAT LEADS TO STOMACH
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM THAT CREATES SEX CELLS AND OFFSPRING
BALL AND SOCKET JOINT THAT HAS CIRCULAR MOTION(SHOULDER, HIP)
DIGESTION PROCESS IN WHICH THE BODY BREAKS DOWN FOOD
SMALL INTESTINE PLACE WHERE MOST DIGESTION TAKES PLACE
PANCREAS ORGAN THAT CONTROLS THE BODY'S SUGAR LEVELS IN BLOOD
CAPILLARIES TINY MICROSCOPIC BLOOD VESSELS
HINGE TYPE OF JOINT WITH BACK AND FORTH MOVEMENT(ELBOW)
TONGUE ORGAN THAT ROLLS FOOD INTO A BALL
TISSUE SIMILAR CELLS WORKING TOGETHER FORM THIS
LARGE INTESTINE ORGAN THAT ABSORBS WATER OUT OF REMAINING FOOD IN DIGESTIVE TRACT
PLATELETS PART OF THE BLOOD THAT CLOTS THE BLOOD
ENZYMES CHEMICALS IN STOMACH THAT BREAK DOWN FOOD
IMMUNE SYSTEM THAT WORKS WITH CIRC. SYSTEM TO FIGHT DISEASE
TEETH THESE MASH AND GRIND FOOD
BRONCHI THESE 2 TUBES LEAD TO EACH LUNG
GLIDING TYPE OF JOINT WITH SLIDING MOVEMENT
RBC PART OF BLOOD THAT HELPS CARRY OXYGEN
NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT SENDS AND RECEIVES BRAIN SIGNALS
ARTERIES BLOOD VESSELS THAT GO AWAY FROM THE HEART
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM THAT USES CHEMICALS AND HORMONES TO DO BODY FUNCTIONS
SYSTEM MANY ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER
CARTILAGE CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CUSHIONS BETWEEN JOINTS
SKELETAL SYSTEM THAT PROVIDES A FRAME, MAKES BLOOD, AND STORES MINERALS
MUSCULAR SYSTEM THAT ALLOWS BODY TO MOVE
EXCRETORY SYSTEM THAT HELPS DIG. SYSTEM REMOVE WASTE
STRUCTURE THE WAY A BODY'S PARTS ARE ARRANGED
CILIA TINY HAIRS IN NASAL CAVITY THAT FILTER DUST AND BACTERIA
Created by: husker2000