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Science

Chapter 2.3/2.5

TermDefinition
chemical reaction process that changes one set of chemicals to another set of chemicals
reactants elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
product elements or compounds produced by chemical reaction
activation energy energy needed to get a reaction started
catalyst substance that speeds up rate of chemical reaction
enzyme proteins that act as biological catalysts (used by cells)
substrate reactants of enzyme-catalyzed reactions
monomer small compounds that combine to make polymers
polymers large compounds made up of monomers
carbohydrates compounds made up of C, H,, O source of energy
ATP adenosine triphosphate when we break bond between phosphates we get energy
glucose C6H12O6
monosaccharide single sugar molecules includes galctose
polysccharide large macro-molecules formed by monosccharides includes glycogen
lipids made mostly from carbon and hydrogen fats oils and wax
nucleic acids macro-molecules assembled form monomers known as nucleotides
nucleotide monomer of nucleic acid
ribonucleic acid rna contains sugar ribose (a nucleic acid)
deoxyribonucleic acid contains sugar deoxyribose
proteins macromolecules that contain nitrogen carbon hydrogen oxygen
amino acides compunds with amino group (-NH2) on one end and carboxyl group (-COOH) on the other makes up proteins
Created by: camelvand