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07. Protein synth


translation "Translates" Nucleic acids (RNA) to proteins. Takes place in the ribosome from mRNA to amino acids.
cytoplasm Where translation takes place in the cell. Ribosomes make proteins in the cytoplasm.
mRNA messenger RNA. Carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm where it serves as a template for protein synthesis
tRNA transfer RNA. brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis
amino acids Monomers of protein. There are 20 different amino acids
peptide bond The bond between two amino acids.
Polypeptide chain Formed when many peptide bonds are made between amino acids on the same chain.
triplet code (codon) a three-nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino acid or signifies a start or stop signal
anticodon a region on a tRNA molecule that binds to the mRNA codon
Created by: cfhsbiology