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07. Protein synth

Transcription

TermDefinition
Transcription The process where RNA is made from a DNA template
Nucleus Where transcription happens
DNA- deoxyribonucleic acid Contains Deoxyribose sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogen base (A,T,C,G)
double-stranded DNA has 2 strands of nucleotides
RNA - ribonucleic acid Contains ribose sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogen base (A, U, C, G)
single-stranded RNA has 1 strand of nucleotides
mRNA messenger RNA - carries instructions for a protein from the nucleus to a ribosome.
codon set of three bases on mRNA that "codes" for an amino acid
base pairs DNA: C-G and A-T RNA: C-G and A-U
triplet code a series of 3 bases in mRNA that codes for an amino acid
nucleotide Monomer of nucleic acids composed of sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogen base
ATCG The nitrogen bases in DNA
AUCG The nitrogen bases in RNA
Uracil Nitrogen base found only in RNA
Created by: cfhsbiology