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etymology

bio terminology and root words

TermDefinition
a-, an- without, lacking
adip- fat
alb- white
alve- channel, cavity
ase- enzyme
auto- self
bacterio- bacteria
bio- life
blast-, blasto- embryonic or cell layer
calor- heat
capill- hair
cav- hollow
centr- center
chem- dealing with chemicals
chloro- green
chrom- colored
cleav- to divide
ctyo(e)- cell
di- double, two
diplo- double, twofold
elle- small
end- in, inside
endo- within, internal
eu- true
ex- out of, away from
exo- outer, external
flagell- whip
-gamy sexual function
gen- origin, development
gene- origin, birth
gluc- sweet, sugar
glyc- sweet
hemi- half
hetero- different, other
homo-, homeo- same, similar, like
-hydrate water
hydro- water
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, insufficient
inter- between
intra- within, inside
iso- equal
-logy study of
-lysis, -lytic dissolving, splitting
macro- large
meso- middle
micro- small
mito- thread
mono- one
multi- many
oxy- oxygen
phag- eat
-phase a stage or condition
-phil- affinity, preference, loving
-phob- fear
photo- light
-phyll leaf
-phyte plant
pino- drink
poly- many
sacchar- sugar
script- to write
-stasis, -stat remain the same
toxi- poisin
trans- across
tri- three
anti- against, opposed to
con- with, together
deuter- second
ia- disease
karyo- nucleus of cell
leuco- white
lip- fat
mal- bad
mega- very large
-morph form, structure
mut- change
neuro- nerve
oma- tumor
oo- pertaining to an egg
ovo-,ovi- pertaining to an egg
quadr- four
soma-,somat- body
-some body
sperma- seed
-stome opening, mouth
sym-,syn- together, with
tetra- four
uni- consisting of one
zyg- unite
anthropo- human
arche- ancient, primitive
caud- tail
cell- center
cephal- head
chondri- cartilage
clado- branch, root of a tree
coel- hollow
cortic- bark
dendr- tree
echino- spiny
eco- household
ecto- outside
eso- inward, within
extra- beyond, outside
gam- before
-genesis origination of
geo- earth
gymno- naked
haplo- single
herb- pertaining to plants
ic- pertaining to
ichthy- fish
nucle- kernel
-ous full of
-ped, -pod foot
peri- around
permea- pass, go
platy- flat
-pod foot
post- after
pre- before
pseudo- fake
rhiz- rootlike
sect- to cut
solv- loosen, free
terr- earth, land
tymphan- drum
zoo- animal
ampi-, ambi- both
arche- ancient, primitive
arth- joint
aud- hearing
bicep- two heads
bil- bile
bronch- windpipe
cardi- heart
caud- tail
cerebr- brain
cervic- neck
crani- skull
cut- skin
cyst- bladder, capsule
decid- to cut off
digit- finger
dors- back
epi- upon, above
gastr- stomach
glut- buttocks
gnarth- jaw
-helminth worm
heme-, hemo- blood
hepat- liver
herb- pertaining to plants
histo- tissue
inflamm- to set on fire
lact- milk
lat- side
lingu- tongue
mamm- breast
mandib- jaw
my- muscle
nephr- kidney
oligo- few; little
osteo- bone
oto- ear
-ous full of
para- beside
peri- around
proto- first
re- back, again
-renal kidney
seb- grease, oil
sect- to cut
tel- end, distant
troph- nutrue
tymphan- drum
ur- urine
vill- hair
append- to attach, hang aqua-water
ation- the act of
atri- entrance
ax- axis
burs- bag
carn- meat
carn- flesh
carpus- wrist
chym- liquid
-cusp- point, apex
de- removal of, off
derm- skin, covering
dis- apart, away from
erythro- red
fer- bearer
fibr- fiber, thread
follic- small bag
gangli- swelling
grav- heavy
gyn- female
iac- pertaining to
immun- free, exempt
insul- island
-itis inflammation or infection
itchy- fish
kerat- horn
kin- motion
med- middle
mer- part
meta- after, beyond, change
nema- thread
nom- name
omni- all
-osis abnormal condition
path- disease
phen- show, be seen
-phore a bearer
-plasm formative substance, gel
-plast organized particle
por- passage
pro- before, favoring
pulmo- lung
radi- ray
sclero- hard
scope- tube
sin- hollow
sporo- spore
stria- grooved
sub- under
supra-. super- above, over
tax- arrangement of
therm- heat
thesis- placing or putting
trop- turn, react
vas- vessel
viv- live
-vor feeding, nourishment
Created by: smh