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Bio Chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
thylakoid
light-dependent reactions
light-independent reactions
photosystem
electron transport chain
ATP synthase
Calvin Cycle
cellular respiration
aerobic
glycolysis
anaerobic
Krebs cycle
fermentation
lactic acid
high-energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy that cells can use
low-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP
process by which ATP us synthesized by using chemicals as an energy source instead of light
process by which light energy can be converted into chemical energy
light-absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthesis organisms
membrane-bound structure within chloroplasts that contains chlorophyll and other light-absorbing pigments used in thr light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis
part of photosynthesis that absorbs energy from sunlight and transfers energy to the light-independent reactions
part of photosynthesis that uses energy absorbed during the light-dependent reactions to synthesize carbohydrates
series of light-absorbing pigments and proteins that capture and transfer energy in the thylakoid membrane
series if protein in the thylakoid and mitochondria membranes that aid in converting ADP to ATP by transferring electrons
enzyme that catalyzes the reaction that adds a high-energy phosphate group to ADP for ATP
process by which a photosynthetic organism uses energy to synthesize simple sugars from CO*2
producing ATP by breaking down carbon-based molecules when oxygen is present
requires oxygen
anaerobic process in which glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate and two net ATP are produced
does not require oxygen
process during cell. resp. that breaks down a carbon molecule to produce molecules that are used in the electron transport chain
anaerobic process by which ATP is produced by glycolysis
product of fermentation in many types of fells, including human muscle cells
Created by: scottmurray