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Head & Neck Anatomy

Vascular System & Glands

Arteries carry what type of blood? Oxygenated blood
Veins carry what type of blood? Deoxygenated blood
Anastomosis a vein can rejoin a vein; an artery can rejoin an artery; or a vein and artery can join.
Plexus Veins continue to branch until there is a large network of blood vessels in a general area.
Arteriole Smaller artery that branches off an artery and connects with a capillary.
Atherosclerosis Narrowing and blockage of the arteries by a buildup of fatty plaque.
Bacteremia Bacteria traveling through the vascular system
Carotid Pulse Pusle palpated from the common carotid artery.
Embolus Foreign materials (thrombus) traveling in the blood that can block the vessel.
Hematoma Bruise.
Hemorrhage Large amounts of blood that escape into the surrounding tissue without clotting when a blood vessel is seriously injured.
Plaque Substance which consists of cholesterol, calcium, clotting proteins, and other substances that can be found lining arteries .
Thrombus Clots that form on the inner blood vessel wall.
Vasuclar System System that consists of an arterial blood supply, a capillary network, and venous drainage.
Vein Type of blood vessel that reveals to the heart, carrying blood.
Venous Sinus Blood filled space between two layers of tissue.
Venule Smaller vein that drains the capillaries of the tissue area and then joins larger veins.
What are the 10 major branches of the maxillary artery? Middle Meningeal, inferior alveolar, deep temporal, pterygoid, mastered, buccal, posterior superior alveolar, infraorbital, greater palatine, sphenopalatine.
The middle meningeal supplies what tissue? Meninges and bones of vault.
The inferior alveolar supplies what tissue? The mandibular teeth, floor of the mouth, and mental region.
The deep temporal supplies what tissue? Temporalis Muscle.
The pterygoid supplies what tissue? Lateral and medial pterygoids.
The mastered supplies what tissue? masseter muscle.
The buccal supplies what tissue? buccinator muscle and buccal region.
The infraorbital supplies what tissue? The orbital region, face, and maxillary anterior teeth.
The greater palatine supplies what tissue? Hard and soft palates.
The sphenopalatine supplies what tissue? The nasal cavity and anterior hard palate.
Step 1 of blood flow. Superior and Inferior venae cavae
Step 2 of blood flow. Right Atrium
Step 3 of blood flow Tricuspid Valve
Step 4 of blood flow Right Ventricle
Step 5 of blood flow Pulmonary Valve
Step 6 of blood flow Pulmonary Trunk
Step 7 of blood flow Left & Right pulmonary arteries
Step 8 of blood flow Left and Right lungs
Step 9 of blood flow Four pulmonary veins
Step 10 of blood flow Left Atrium
Step 11 of blood flow Mitral Vein
Step 12 of blood flow Left Ventricle
Step 13 of blood flow Aortic Valve
Step 14 of blood flow Ascending and descending aorta
Within the vascular system a large network of blood vessels is a? Plexus
Blood filled spaces between two layers of tissue? Venus Sinuses
In most cases what drains the capillaries of a tissue are within the vascular system? Venules
What can cause narrowing and blockage of the arteries? Fatty plaque
What is a clot that forms in the inner vessel wall? Thrombus
An excellent example of variability in the vascular system Lingual Veins
The sternocleidomastoid muscle hides what artery? Internal carotid artery
How do blood vessels communicate with each other? anastomosis
The pterygoid plexus drains what? Maxillary and mandibular teeth.
Superficial vein + maxillary vein= retromandibular vein
Lacrimal gland secretion tears
Parotid salivary gland secretion 25% of serous saliva
Submandibulary salivary gland secretion 60-65% of serous and mucous salvia
Sublingual salivary gland secretion 10% of predominating mucous saliva.
Thyroid gland secretion Thyroxin
Parathyroid gland secretion Parathyroid hormone
Thymus gland secretion thymosin
Created by: Strobelight95