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Decision Making

Moral Problems Categories Moral weakness, moral uncertainty, moral dilemma, moral distress.
Moral Weakness Moral responsibilities conflict with personal inclinations
Moral Uncertainty Question as to whether a moral obligation exists.
Moral Dilemma Obligations and responsibilities are in conflict.
Moral Distress Frustration from perceived powerlessness when what is happening appears to be wrong and are unable to act ethically.
The 4 A's to Rise above Moral Distress Ask, Affirm, Assess, Act
Ask Ask about distress.
Affirm Affirm your distress and the commitment to take care of yourself.
Assess Identify sources of distress and determine severity.
Act Prepare personally and professionally to take action.
Six Step Decision Making Model 1. Identify the ethical dilemma or problem. 2. Collect Information. 3. State the options. 4. Apply the ethical principles to the options. 5. Make the decision. 6. Implement the decision.
Most common ethical dilemmas. 1. Substandard Care. 2. Overtreatment. 3. Scope of practice. 4. Fraud. 5. Confidentiality. 6. Impaired professional. 7. Sexual Harassment. 8. Abuse
Substandard Care Situations in which there is failure to diagnose or lack of proper infection control. No disease will be transmitted.
Overtreatment Excessive services or services that are unnecessary to be provided. Not bullying the patient because the professional has greater knowledge.
Scope of Practice Instances in which the legally assigned scope of practice is exceeded by a member of the dental team.
Fraud When an insurance claim is adjusted to the dental offices favor.
Confidentiality Patient or child/parent confidentiality is jeopardized.
Impaired Professional Where the professional should not preform dental care because they are under the influence.
Sexual Harassment A wide range of behaviors that a dental member may observe or be subjected to that can be classified as harassment.
Abuse Abuse is observed or suspected
Created by: Strobelight95