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05. DNA Replication

DNA Structure

TermDefinition
Nucleotide an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
Monomer/Polymer Nucleotide/DNA
Adenine A nitrogen base (purine) that bonds with Thymine
Thymine A nitrogen base (pyrimidine) that bonds with Adenine
Guanine A nitrogen base (purine) that bonds with Cytosine
Cytosine A nitrogen base (pyrimidine) that bonds with Guanine
Deoxyribose sugar The sugar found in a nucleotide of DNA. (The D in DNA stands for deoxyribose)
carbohydrate ring The sugar ring found in a nucleotide (AKA Deoxyribose sugar)
Double Helix The model that shows the structure of a DNA molecule. Two strands wind around one another.
Phosphate group Part of a nucleotide in the sugar-phosphate backbone. Contains phosphorous.
Hydrogen bonds The type of chemical bond between base pairs in DNA
CHONP Elements found in nucleic acids
complementary bases / complementary nucleotide Cytosine ALWAYS bonds with Guanine and Adenine ALWAYS bonds with Thymine
Sugar phosphate backbone The outside, ribbon like, part of DNA made of phosphate groups and deoxyribose sugar molecules
Rungs of double helix (DNA) The inside section of DNA. Made of nitrogenous base pairs.
Base pair When two bases form a hydrogen bond (A bonds with T, C bonds with G)
Chromosomes Long , continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes and regulatory information
Genetic Code DNA is the genetic code
Blueprint for all life DNA structure is the same in ALL life.
traits A characteristic that is inherited
genes A specific region of DNA that codes for a particular protein
Created by: cfhsbiology