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Cell Energy

Photosynthesis and Respiration Test Review

TermDefinition
Energy for living things come from? Food
Originally, the energy in food comes from the? Sun
Name the types of Energy Heat energy, light energy, Solar energy, Electrical energy, Mechanical energy, Kinetic and Potential energy
What does Organisms use from the sun to produce food? Light Energy
Autotroph Organism that use light energy from the sun to produce food.
Example of Food-Autotroph Plants and some microorganisms.
Hetertroph Organism that cannot use the sun's energy to make food.
Example of Food-Hetertroph Animal and most microorganisms
Cell is needed to do? Active transport, Making Proteins and Nuclear acid, chemical signals Fireflies Light
ATP Cell usable source of energy
ATP stands for? adenosine triphosphate
ADP Adenosine diphophate
All energy is stored in what? bonds of compounds-breaking the bond release the energy
When a cell has energy available it can store this energy by adding a phosphate group to ADP, producing ATP
How is ATP converted into ADP? ATP is converted into ADP by breaking the bond between the second and third phosphate groups and releasing energy for cellular processes.
Name 3 things you know about Photosynthesis - Make food for plants - Make sugar for plants - It gets energy from the SUN
Photosynthesis the process by which the energy of Sunlight is converted into the energy of Glucose.
General formular H2O+CO2+light>C6H@06+O2
2 Parts of Photosynthesis Light reaction and Calvin Cycle
Light Reaction forms ATP and NADPH = contain chemical Energy, but are unstable.
Calvin Cycle Uses energy from ATP and NADPH to produce glucose.
When does photosynthesis occur In the Chloroplast of plants
Pigment Light absorbing compounds
Chlorophyll Most common photosynthetic compounds
Chlorophyll is what part of Chloroplast? is the pigment inside the chloroplast the absorbs light for photosynthesis
What happens to Calvin Cycle energy? is transferred from ATP and NADPH to the organic compound glucose.
What happens to light dependent reaction H2O is broken down and light energy is stored temporarily in inorganic energy carries ATP and NADPH.
Cellular respiration is the? The process by which the energy of glucose is released in the cell.
Cellular respiration is used? for life processes such as movement, breathing, blood circulation etc.
Cell requires a Constant source of energy for life processes but keep only a small amount of ATP on hand.
Cells can regenerate ATP as needed by using? The energy stored in food like glucose.
The energy stored in glucose by photosynthesis is released by? Cellular respiration and repackaged into the energy of ATP
Where does Respiration occur? in all cells and can take place either with or without oxygen present
Aerobic Respiration is when the cellular respiration Reuses Oxygen
Where does the Aerobic Respiration occur? Occurs in the mitochondria of the cell
Anaerobic Respiration occurs when? No Oxygen is available to the cell
Anaerobic Respiration is also called? Fermentation
What is the difference between Anaerobic Respiration and Aerobic Respiration? Anaerobic Respiration has much less ATP produced
Alcoholic fermentations occurs where? bacteria and yeast
Lactic Acid fermentation occurs where? Muscle Cell
Lactic Acid is produced where? in the muscles during rapid exercise when the body can not supply enough oxygen to the tissue causes burning sensation in muscles.
What is the first step of anaerobic respiration? Glycolysis
Created by: spotsville2