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classification of animals

QuestionAnswer
Who started modern day Taxonomy? Linneaus
-two part Latin name for every living thing -describes the organism Binomial Nomenclature
Name three domains -Archaea -Eukaryotes -Prokaryotes
Name 5 types of kingdoms -Animal -Plants -Protists -Fungi -Monerans
Organism that likes conditions of early Earth Archaea
Simple cells that LACK a nucleus Prokaryotes
Complex cells (the cells contain specializes parts and a nuclei) Eukaryotes
Name the features of the kingdom Animal -multi-celled -Eukaryotes -heterotrophs -sexual reproduction exceptions: (regeneration and budding); asexual
Name the features of the kingdom Plants -multi-celled -autotrophs; make food by photosynthesis -Eukaryotes -sexual reproduction exceptions vegetative propagation - asexual -pollen + ova = seed
Name the features of the kingdom Protist -microscopic -uni-celled with a nuclei -eukaryotes -autotrophs and heterotrophs -reproduce by binary fission
Name the features of the kingdom Fungi -lack chlorophyll, can't do photosynthesis -heterotrophs - saprobe - obsorbs nutrients from other organisms -spore -asexual reproductive cell examples: mushrooms, mold, yeast, penicillin most are multi-celled
Name the features of the kingdom Monerans -all bacteria -over 3000 species -prokaryotes -have their own domain
asexual reproductive cell (example mushrooms) spore
absorbs nutrients from other organisms saprobe
name the classification process in order domain kingdom phylum class order family genus species
can make its own food autotroph
can't make its own food heterotroph
the basic unit of life cell
The structure line cells-tissues-organs-system-organism
coined word "cell" first person to view cells under a microscope Robert Hooke
dead plant cells cork
viewed first living cells under microscope von lee weanhok
The mistaken belief that life can arise from non living sources spontaneous generation
What is the cell theroy 1. all living things are made of cells 2. cells are the basic unit of structure and function in all living things 3. cells can only come from other living things
What are the 6 characteristics of life 1 energy use 2 cellular organization 3 response to surrondings 4 growth and development 5 reproduction 6 common chemicals
Two types of cellular organization single cell or multicelled
any change in the environment stimuli
reaction to the change response
get bigger adding more cells and tissues growth
changing and more complex development
1 parent no sex cells; offspring is exactly like parent genetically asexual
2 parent 2 sex cells; mixing of DNA results in genetic variety sexual
What are the common chemicals Carbs, protein, lipids, nucleic acid
DNA ; RNA nucleic acid
three types of microscopes 1 compound light 2 TEM ( transmission electron microscope) 3 super optical
Works with light and lenses to enlarge an image compound light microscope
up to 1 million times magnification and created vacuum Transmission electron microscope
works with fiber optics and a computer to create a 3D image super optical
The Needs of living things 1 living space 2 food 3 H2O 4 homeostasis
the need to maintain a stable internal body conditions homeostasis
Controls what goes in/out of the cell ; outer most boundary in animal cell cell membrane
made of cellulose; holds the cells boxy shape. Unique to plant cell outer most boundary in plant cell cell wall
unique to plant cell holds chlorophyll; site of photosynthesis chloroplasts
"the brain" controls all of the cells activities nucleus
controls what goes in/out of the nucleus surrounds nuclei nuclear membrane
all the material outside the nuclear membrane but inside the cell membrane; holds organelles in place cytoplasm
a network of membranes that runs throughout the cytoplasm and transports materials endoplasmic reticulum (er)
tiny smallest organelle; makes protein ribosome
"garbage collector" breaks down dead/ damaged cell parts lysosomes
"power house" makes energy for the cells mitochondria
cell storage; huge in plant cells vacuole
manufacturing area of cell and distributes compounds in cells Golgi bodies
The three people that created the cell theroy Schleidan; Schwann; virchow
the science of classifying living things taxonomy
a book that is taken into the field used to identify organisms in the natural surroundings using a field mark field guide
usually unique characteristic field mark
a list of paired statements with very specific traits that describe the organism. Forces you to make a choice until you identify the organism taxonomic key
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration without the use of energy passive transport
molecules move high to low concentration without using energy diffusion
the move of molecules from area of high to low concentration across a membrane osmosis
all substances pass thru membrane permeable
nothing gets past- everything gets blocked impermeable
some substances are allowed to pass others are blocked selectively permeable
the movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentration that requires the use of energy active transport
The process that plants use to make food uses light energy to make chemical energy chlorophyll traps sunlight the build up of glucose photosynthesis
Chemical equation for photosynthesis CO2 + H2O sun C6H12O6+O2 uparrow chlorophyll (arrow)
C6H12O6 glucose
the process where glucose is broken down in the presence of oxygen cellular respiration
Chemical equation for Respiration C6H12O6+O2 arrow H2O +CO2+ATP
ATP energy
Created by: cklksk