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2.2B Protein synthes

2.2B protein synthesis translation

TermDefinition
anticodon a sequence of three nucleotides on a tRNA molecule; during translation, the anticodon pairs with a complementary mRNA codon
elongation stage of translation when tRNA molecules are delivering amino acids to an mRNA strand. Peptide bonds form to join amino acids into a polypeptide
initiation first step of the translation process, when a ribosome assembles at the AUG start codon on mRNA
polypeptide a chain of amino acids joined by peptide bonds
polyribosome a string of ribosomes translating the same mRNA strand at the same time, but in different locations, during protein synthesis; also called a polysome
rRNA ribosomal RNA, a component of ribosomes
start/stop codons
termination end of translation of a polypeptide, when the ribosome reaches a stop codon; a release factor frees the polypeptide chain, and the ribosome disassembles
translation process by which the sequence of codons in mRNA dictates the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide
tRNA Transfer RNA delivers amino acids to mRNA during polypeptide chain elongation; anticodon site binds with mRNA codons
Created by: gwynneth