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Líf203

DNA

QuestionAnswer
Helikasar Ensímakerfi sem opnar DNA með því að rjúfa vetnistengin
ssb prótín Sérstök prótín sem bindast við DNA langböndin og halda þeim í sundur
RNA prímasi Sér um að búa til RNA bút (RNA vísi) sem parast við DNA
DNA polymerasi Stórt og flókið ensím - Rennur eftir einþátta DNA og bætir orkuríkum DNA kirnum (ATP, GTP, CTP og TTP) við RNA vísinn og býr til nýtt DNA langband - Fær orku úr trífosfötum en bara eitt fosfatið verður hluti af nýja langbandinu - vinnur bara í aðra áttina
Topoísomerasi Tekur af snúning á DNA þegar helikasi aðskilur langböndin
Okazaki bútar Stuttir DNA bútar
Lígasi, DNA pol og sérstök ensím... ...fjarlægja RNA vísana og tengja okazaki bútana saman í heilt langband
Sense (+þráður) Geymir raunverulegar upplýsingar
Non sense (-þráður) Spegilmynd af sense, geymir engar upplýsingar
Created by: alli cool