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Pharmacology

DA chapter 15 Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
The study of all drugs their properties, how they react with each other and all the actions of the drugs within the body? Pharmacology.
Substance that can change life processes within the body? Drug.
When a drug causes an unintended result? Side effect.
When one drug changes the effect of another drug? Drug interaction.
A physical dependence? Addiction.
Leading to psychological or physical drug dependency? Habit forming.
Drugs that are used to treat diseases? Medicines.
The generic name of Bayer? Aspirin.
Part of the ADA, gathers info on drugs used in dentistry? Council on Dental Therapeutics.
Description, indications and use, adverse reactions, contraindications, warnings and precautions, recommended dosage, how it is supplied? Physician's Desk Reference (PDR).
Heading, superscription, body of prescription? Prescription.
Dentists info? Heading.
Patient info? Superscription.
Rx symbol, inscription name and dose of drug, subscription: number of doses and directions? Body of prescription.
b.i.d? Twice a day.
t.i.d? Three times a day.
q.i.d? Four times a day.
q? Every.
q.h? Every hour.
q.4.h? Every 4 hours.
q.8.h? Every 8 hours.
sig? Take.
a.c? Before meal.
n.p.o? Not by mouth.
p.o? By mouth.
p.c? After meals.
p.r.n? When necessary or as needed.
Enacted to control and regulate the composition, sale and distribution of drugs? The Pure Food and Drug Act (1906).
Allowed only the U.S FDA control of drugs sold? The Pure Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (1938).
Control and enforcement of drugs, identified drugs into 5 categories? Comprehensive Drug Abuse prevention and Control (1970).
High potential for abuse, E.g., Heroin? Schedule 1.
High potential for abuse, accepted medical use, E.g., morphine? Schedule II.
Routinely used in dental offices, lower potential for abuse and medical use, E.g., stimulants? Schedule III.
Less potential for abuse, accepted medical use, E.g., antianxiety drugs? Schedule IV.
Least potential for abuse, OTC- Aspirin, pampirin? Schedule V.
Oral means? By mouth.
Topical means? Skin, mucosa.
Inhalation means? Gas, aerosol.
Sublingual means? Under tongue.
Intravenous means? In the vein.
Subcutaneous means? Under the skin above the muscle.
Intramuscular means? Into the muscle.
Intradermal means? Under top layer of skin/ epidermis.
Transdermal means? A patch.
Loss of pain without loss of sensation? Analgesics.
Used to treat infection? Antibiotics.
Treats wide range of bacteria? Broad spectrum.
First group of antibiotics to be discovered? Penicillin.
Used by children and individuals allergic to penicillin in place of tetracycline? Erythromycin.
Used to reduce secretions in lungs prior to surgery? Anticholinergics.
Treat infections caused by fungi, available as tablets, suspension, creams, injections, and suppositories? Antifungal agents.
Treats edema(swelling)? Diuretic.
Stops bleeding? Hemostatic.
Produce sedative effect? Tranquilizers.
Causes tooth staining, periodontal diseases, and halitosis? Nicotine.
Too much may be fatal? Caffeine.
Causes cirrhosis, slows down body processes? Alcohol.
Addictive depressants? Narcotics.
Group of stimulant drugs, increase heart and respiratory rates and blood pressure, loss of appetite, nervousness? Amphetamines.
Drugs that cause people to see and hear things that do not exist? Hallucinogens.
Sedative drugs that depress brain activity? Barbiturates.
Used to treat oral thrush? Nystatin.
Resist breaking down by gastric juices? Enteric-coated.
Created by: zckmyrs85