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Cell Parts Test

Cell Organelle Functions, Scientists, Cell Theory, and Eukaryotic/Prokaryotic

TermDefinition
Nucleus Holds the chromosomes
Nucleolus Make ribosomes
Chromosomes Information for Growth and Reproduction
Cytoplasm Jelly-like substance that keeps organelles in place
Chloroplast Found only in plant cells, collects sunlight to make food for the cell by doing Photosynthesis
Mitochondria Breaks down sugar for energy
Golgi Body (complex) Packages protein
Endoplasmic Reticulum Transports protein
Vacuole Stores water, waste, and other materials
Ribosomes Makes proteins
Lysosomes Breaks down old organelles with enzymes to clean up the cell
Cell Wall Strong and stiff it support's the plant cell's shape
Cell Membrane Controls what comes in and goes out of a cell
Hooke Named cells
Leeuwenhoek Discovered single-celled organisms in pond water
Schleiden Discovered that all parts of a plant are made of cells
Schwann Discovered that all parts of a animal are made of cells
Virchow Stole Remack's discovery that all cells come from pre-existing cells
Pastuer Disproved spontaneous generation
Remack Actually discovered that all cells come from pre-existing cells
Spontaneous Generation Living things can come from non-living thing. (pile of dirt and hay can create a mouse)
Three parts of the cell theory Cells are the basic unit of life. All living things must have one or more cells. Cells come from pre-existing cells
Eukarytoic Cell Cells with a nucleus
Prokaryotic Cell Cells without a nucleus
Archeabacteria Live in extreme locations. Heat-loving, Salt-loving, and Methane-making
Eubacteria Most common cell, bacteria that lives in and around you
Eukaryotic cell examples Animals (including humans), protists (pond creatures), Fungi, plants
Prokaryotic cell examples Archeabacteria and Eubacteria
6 Characteristics of Living Things Made of Cells Grow and Develop Reproduce Obtain and Use Energy Adapt (specific part of the body) Response
Created by: meginnij