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Anatomical Terms

QuestionAnswer
Inferior/Caudal away from the head, lower part of a structure, or toward the tail The pelvic bone is inferior to the ribcage.
Anterior toward the front of the body The intestines are anterior to the kidneys.
Posterior toward the rear The spine is posterior to the belly button.
Medial structures that are nearer to the midline, which divides the body into equal right and left halves The nose is medial to the eyes.
Lateral structures that are further from the midline, which divides the body into equal right and left halves The lungs are lateral to the heart.
Intermediate between two structures The index finger is intermediate to the thumb and middle finger.
Proximal nearer to the point of attachment of an appendage to the trunk of the body. The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Distal farther from the point of attachment of an appendage to the trunk of the body The wrist is distal to the elbow.
Superficial toward or on the surface of the body The skin is superficial to the muscles.
Deep away from the surface of the body The ribs are deep to the skin.
Transverse/Cross Plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions. divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
Sagittal Plane divides the body into equal right and left halves. divides the body into equal right and left halves.
Frontal/Coronal Plane divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions. divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions.
Ventral toward the belly the ribs are ventral to the spine.
Dorsal toward the back the shoulder blades are dorsal to the collar bone.
Superior/Cranial toward to head or upper part of a structure The head is superior to the shoulders.
Created by: ballb