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Adaptation A characteristic that helps an organism to change and thrive in it's environment
Niche An organism's role or responsibility in an ecosystem
Competition The struggle for resources between organisms in an effort to survive
Predation An interaction between predator and prey where one organism kills the other organism for food
Predator The organism that does the killing
Prey The organism that is killed by a predator
Predator Adaptations Adaptations that help predators catch and kill their prey such as sharp teeth, strong jaws, and fast speed
Prey Adaptations Adaptations that help prey avoid being killed by a predator such as warning coloration, mimicry, camouflage, protective coloration, and false coloring.
Warning Coloration An organism that has bright, eye-catching colors and patterns to warn a predator that it is dangerous or poisonous
Mimicry A defenseless organism will change its appearance to look another organism with bright, eye-catching colors and patterns.
Camouflage An organism changes its appearance to blend in with its environment
Limiting Factors An environmental factor that causes a population to stop growing or decrease in size.
Examples of limiting factors Food, water, space, and weather
Carrying capacity The largest population that an area can support (the biggest number or organisms that can live in an area).
Organism A single living thing
Population All of the members of one species living in a particular area
Community All of the different populations that live together in an area (all of the living things!)
Ecosystem All of the living and non living things in an area (The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their non-living environment).
Biotic Factors The parts of a habitat that are living, or were once living
Abiotic Factors The non-living parts of an organism's habitat
Habitat An environment that provides the things that a specific organism needs to live, grow, and reproduce.
Symbiosis Any relationship in which two species live closely together and at least one of the species benefits
Mutualism A relationship in which both organisms benefit
Commensalism A relationship in which one species benefits and and the other species is neither helped nor harmed
Parasitism A relationship that involves one organism living with, on, or inside another organism, harming it.
Parasite The organism that lives with, on, or inside of a host, and its benefits.
Host The organism that the parasite lives on or inside, and it is usually harmed.
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