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Stack #197622

Voice & Diction Lecture 2

Anatomy Structure: Organs, physical structures of body
Physiology Function: What structures do
Speech as an Overlaid Function All organs and structures involved in speech serve two functions:
Biological Function Primary function which supports or maintains life
Speech Function Secondary function serving another purpose
Processes Involved in Speech (5) Respiration
Respiration Inhalation and Exhalation
Respiration Functions BF: Exchange of gasses: oxygen & carbon dioxide
Phonation Vocal tones or sounds produced by the vibration of the vocal folds as breath is forced between them
Phonation Functions BF: 3 Primary Functions:
Resonation Sounds produced at the vocal folds are amplified, modified and enriched by cavities of the head and chest
Resonation Functions BF: 2 Primary biological functions
Articulation Movements of the lips, jaw, tongue, and velum/soft palate to form, separate & join speech sounds
Articulation Functions BF: Eating & Drinking
Hearing Perceiving sounds via the ear
Hearing Functions BF: Gather information from the environment to warn of danger
Factors that Determine Speaking Rate (6) -Personality of the speaker
Components of Rate (4) -Quantity of sounds
Speaking Rates 120-140 WPM = slow
Slow Speaking Rate -Tends to annoy your listeners even more than speaking too fast
Average Speaking Rate -This is the most tolerable speed for most listeners
Fast Speaking Rate -People tend to talk closer to this rate in normal conversation
Duration The length of a sound
Types of Duration (3) -Regular: this is your everyday, casual speech
Pause A rest stop; a period of silence
Phrase A group of related words expressing a thought or idea; phrases are set off from each other by pauses. In other words - it's the pause that creates the phrase
Reasons for Pausing (5) -To Breathe
Finding and Effective Speaking Rate Punctuation
Created by: lxwilliams



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