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Scientific Method

Leaving Cert Biology

What is the study of living things called Biology
The study of plants Botany
The study of small living things, i.e. micro-organisms Microbiology
The study of the structure and function of genes and their transmission from parents to offspring Genetics
The study of animals Zoology
The study of the internal and external structure of plants and animals Anatomy
The study of how living things relate to each other and to their environment Ecology
What is the scientific method A series of steps used to solve a problem
What is the first step in the scientific method Observation
What is observation Something that can be obtained by using our senses or indirectly by using equipment
What is the second step in the scientific method Hypothesis
What is a hypothesis An educated guess based on observations
After a hypothesis is created what is the next step Experimentation
What is experimentation The design of an experiment to suit a hypothesis, it must be measurable
What is the step after experimentation Data Analysis
What is the step after data analysis Conclusion
What is a conclusion Where you state whether your hypothesis was confirmed or not
After a conclusion is formed, what should be done Compare conclusion to existing knowledge
After conclusion is compared what is the final step Report and publishing of results
In an experiment how many variables can be changed at a time One
What do you call an experiment that is used to provide a standard against which the actual experiment can be judged Control experiment
What is a placebo A 'dummy drug' that is used in control experiments
Why is a large sample size important in experimentation More results the more valid the result
Why is a random selection important in experimentation So that as many factors as possible can be ruled out
Why should experimental work be reported accurately So that others may replicate and develop further
What do you call an experiment where neither the person tested nor the tester knows who is receiving the real treatment or who is receiving the placebo Double Blind testing
Name some limitations in the Scientific Method Extent of our knowledge, Design of Experiment, Interpretation of results, Accidental discoveries, Ethical issues
Created by: gcu biology