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Endocrine1

TermDefinition
Cyclic AMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate; a chemical substance known as a second messenger because it amplifies the message sent by a cell to a hormone
Diabetes Mellitus a metabolic disease resulting from the lack of production of or lack of response to insulin made by the pancreas; causes high blood sugar levels
Diabetes Insipidus a disorder in which there is a lack of production of or response to the hormone vasopressin; causes excessive thirst and urination
Endocrine Glands glands that secrete substances directly into the blood, not through a duct
Endocrinology the study of endocrine glands, the actions of hormones, and their metabolic consequences in the body
Exophthalmos the protrusion of the eye anteriorly from the socket
Germ Theory the idea that disease are spread by the actions and presence of microorganisms in the body
Glucose a monosaccharide nutrient that give the cells energy
Glycogen a polysaccharide nutrient stored in the liver and muscles that can be inverted to glucose
Goiter abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland
Graves' disease an autoimmune disease that causes the thyroid gland to overproduce the thyroid hormone
Hormone a chemical released by a cell, gland or organ in one part of the body that affects other parts of the body
Humoral of or relating to bodily fluids
Insulin a polypeptide hormone made by the beta cells in the pancreas that regulates the metabolism of sugar and fat
Neurohormones hormones produced by the neurosecretory cells of the NS
Norepinephrine substance that is both a hormone released by the adrenal medulla, and a neurotransmitter released by sympathetic nerves; acts to mobilize the body for action
Palpitation abnormally rapid, strong, or irregular heart rate
Phosphorylase an enzyme that adds a phosphate group to an organic molecule
Second messenger substances that transmit and amplify messages sent by a hormone to a cell; the hormone is the first messenger
Secretin polypeptide hormone produced by the small intestine that activates the pancreas during digestion to secrete pancreatic juice
Symptoms any departure from normal function that is reported or felt by the patient
Testosterone sex hormone that stimulates the development of male sex organs, secondary sexual characteristics and sperm; produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex of both males and females
Created by: Destiny Pina