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DA chapter 11 PPE

Information for Personal protective Equipment

What is PPE? Personal Protective Equipment
Protective Eyewear protects you from what? Aerosol droplets that contain microorganisms that can cause an eye infection known as pink eye ( conjunctivitis ).
Protective eye wear should provide... Front, top, and side protection.
Gloves are used as a barrier to? Microorganisms
Who regulates the gloves specific for the health care industry? FDA
How many types of gloves are used in the dental office? 6 types.
What types of gloves are used in the dental office? 1. Latex (nonsterile and sterile)/ examination 2. Vinyl (nonsterile and sterile)/examination 3. Overgloves (nonsterile) 4. Utility gloves (nonsterile) 5. Polynitrile, nitrile ( Autoclavable) 6. Sterile/surgical
Sterile surgical gloves are only used when? During surgical procedures requiring a sterile environment, such as oral, periodontal, and implant surgery.
Who sets forth guidelines for contact dermatitis and latex hypersensitivity? CDC
How many types of latex allergies are there? Three primary types of reactions.
What are the types of latex allergies? 1. Contact dermatitis 2. Type IV 3. Type I
What is contact dermatitis? An inflammation of the skin due to a chemical irritation.
What is type IV allergic reaction? Much like an allergic reaction to poison ivy.
What is type I allergic reaction? It occurs in response to proteins in the latex.
What is the most common latex allergy? Type IV.
What are the symptoms to contact dermatitis? Hands become itchy and sometimes cracked.
What are the symptoms of type IV latex allergy? Red itching areas and may present oozing blisters.
What are the symptoms of type I latex allergy? The patient shows signs of coughing, wheezing, respiratory distress, runny eyes and nose, and becomes unable to breath.
How soon do symptoms of contact dermatitis show? Immediately or vey soon after contact.
How soon do symptoms of type IV latex allergies show? 24 to 48 hours after contact. it may show up to 72 hours later.
how soon do symptoms of type I latex allergies show? Minutes after exposure.
What are Overgloves? Also known as food handlers' gloves placed over the latex or vinyl gloves during a procedure to prevent cross-contamination.
What is the benefit of Autoclavable utility gloves? They can be sterilized in the autoclave. Each member of the dental team involved in clean up should have their own pair.
when should donning of gloves be done? After carefully washing and drying hands.
How should you remove your gloves? Tuck the fingers of one glove into the cuff of the other glove, coming from glove side and not from skin side. Lift it off, taking care not touch the tissue with the gloves.
When should mask be warn? Mask are worn at any time that splatter or aerosol of saliva or blood can occur.
What does a mask protect? The mucous membrane of the nose and mouth.
It is important to do what with the mask? To make sure the mask fits snuggly against face and stays in place during the procedure.
What is the mask secured with? Elastic that goes around the head or over the ears or with ties that are fastened behind the head. Some mask can pinched above the nose to fit better and not allow the breath to fog the mask.
When should mask be removed? After the procedure.
Should a mask be reused? No, replace after every patient or during procedure if mask becomes moist. never slip mask down on the neck and never hang from ear after treatment is over.
Who regulates protective clothing? OSHA
What protective clothing should be worn? Uniforms, lab coats, gowns, and clinical jackets.
Who should wear long isolation gowns? Dental team members who fall into categories 1 and 2.
How should gowns and uniforms fit? Cover the arms, fit closely around the neck and wrist, and provide the greatest protection if impermeable to fluids.
How should your gloves fit? Over the cuffs of the uniform.
How should you remove protective clothing? Care must be taken to keep side of clothing that is contaminated with pathogens folded inward.
Where should barriers be used? In all aspects of the dental office. inside the operatory, over the dental chair, light, handles and operating switch, hand pieces, syringe, high volume evacuator, saliva ejector, tubing, writing utensils, and surfaces(anywhere contamination is possible)
Created by: zckmyrs85
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