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Body Terms

Directional Terms for Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
Toward the midline. Medial
Away from the midline. Lateral
Closer to the top. Proximal
Lying face down. Prone
Above. Superior
In back of. Posterior
Toward the end of a limb. Distal
Below. Inferior
In front of. Anterior
Lying face up. Supine
Toward the surface. Superficial
Between medial and lateral. Intermediate
Internal. Deep
What kind of plane divides the body into right and left halves? Saggital
What does anatomy deal with? Structure
What does physiology deal with? Function
The skin is an example of what? Organ
What is maintaining a stable internal environment? Homeostasis
What is the ability to sense changes and react called? Responsiveness
What are all the chemical reactions in the body known as? Metabolism
What do receptors do? Respond to changes
What do effectors do? Provide a means for the response
Which feedback mechanism shuts off the original stimulus? Negative
Which feedback mechanism turns on the original stimulus? Postiive
What is the name of the shoulder curve formed by the deltoid muscle? Deltoid
What is the term for the area that includes the buttocks? Gluteal
What is the term for the lower back regions between the ribs and hips? Lumbar
What is the name of the area that is the posterior surface of the skull? Occipital
What is the term for the posterior knee? Popliteal
What is the term for the area of the shoulde blade? Scapular
What is the term for the calf, or posterior surface of the lower leg? Sural
What is the basic unit of all living things? cell
What is the function of the integumentary system? Protection
What is the function of the skeletal system? Support, framework
What is the function of the muscular system? Movement
What is the function of the nervous system? Fast acting control
What is the function of the endocrine system Slow acting control
What is the function of the cardiovascular system? Transport, delivery
What is the function of the lymphatic system? Fluid collection
What is the function of the respiratory system? Gas exchange
What is the function of the digestive system? Break down food
What is the function of the urinary system? Rid body of wastes, acid-base regulation
What is the function of the reproductive system? Produce offspring
What is homeostasis? Stable internal environment
Which feedback mechanism shuts off the original stimulus? Negative
Which feedback mechanism turns on, or increases the original stimulus? Positive
Anterior body trunk, inferior to the ribs. Abdominal
Anterior surface of elbow. Antecubital
Armpit Axillary
Referring to arm Brachial
Neck region Cervical
Cheek area Buccal
Refers to fingers or toes Digital
Refers to thigh Femoral
Where thigh meets body trunk Inguinal
Refers to mouth Oral
Refers to eye area Orbital
Anterior knee Patellar
Genital region Pubic
Refers to chest Thoracic
Navel (belly button) Umbilical
What is the term for the area including the buttocks? gluteal
What is the term for the posterior surface of head? Occipital
What is the term for the area of the lower back between ribs & hips? Lumbar
What is the term for the area of the posterior knee? Popliteal
What is the term for the area of the shoulder blade? Scapular
What is the term for the curve of the shoulder formed by the muscle of the same name? Deltoid
What is the term for the posterior surface of the calf? Sural
Created by: jjanssen33